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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1996-S1
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Characteristics of Energy Balance and Computation on the Mass Balance Change of the High-Asia Cryosphere

Kang Ersi(Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 730000)  
The incoming energy on ground surface of the High-Asia comes from the global radiation. Because of the high altitude, the global radiation is intense, and about 75% of it is absorbed by the ground surface. The energy transferred from the ground surface to the atmosphere mainly consists of sensible heat flux and effective long wave radiation, and of latent evaporation heat flux in a small proportion. The subsurface conductive heat is very weak. The ice and snow cover on the High-Asia forms an energy sink area in the energy exchange between High-Asia and atmosphere. During the ablation season, the incoming energy of the glaciers mainly consists of net radiation, next of sensible heat flux, while the outgoing energy mainly of melt heat, next of evaporation latent heat flux. The stratification of atmosphere at the surface of permafrost area is unstable. During summer, the transferred heat from the surface above the permafrost reaches the maximum. The direction of the sub-surface conductive heat changes seasonally. During a year, the down sub-surface conductive heat is slightly more than the up transferred heat from the active layer.The calculation on the climate-equilibrium line-mass balance interrelations at the glaciers indicates that, the rise of air temperature during June to August by 1℃ , the corresponding rise of glacier equilibrium line in the High-Asia is about 100-160 m. In this case, the mass deficit of the glaciers will increase, and it is especially serious for the small glaciers. If under the rise of air temperature by 1 ℃ during June to August, the equilibrium line keeps the original altitude, the annual solid precipitation on the glaciers needs to increase by more than 40%-100% of the total annual precipitation. Under the rise of air temperature, the rise of the glacier equilibrium line is difficult to be compensated by the increase of precipitation. There fore, in the High-Asia, the trend of glacier mass deficit and glacier retreat will continue under the global warming.
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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