The Chemical Records in the Surface Layer of a Glacier in Tanggula Mis., Tibetan Plateau
XIAO Cun-De;QIN Da-He;YAO Tan-Dong;HUANG Cui-Lan;SHENG Wen-Kun;YANG Zhi-Hong (Laboratory of Ice Core and Cold Regions Environment, LIGG, CAS, Aanzhou 730000, China)
An ice core which is 5 annual layers contained was drilled at Dongkemadi branch glacier, middle of Tanggula Mis. The chemical analysis shows the obviously similar variations of the concentrations of major canons and anions versus depth. The similarities are ascribed to the same types of aerosols that most of the ions concentrate and coexist. For instant, the aerosols transported from the arid regions outsides north of the Tibetan Plateau as well as the high-mineralized saline lakes on the plateau are probably the main sources of the major ions. However, profile of nitrate is unique compared with other species. The maximum of the concentrations of the major ions, i. e. Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and K+, coincides well with the depths of dirty layers, which correspond the accumulation of snowfalls from the end of ablation season to late spring, the concentration peaks of these layers are possibly due to dry deposition during the "rare precipitation and dust storm" season. The contrast between the profiles of chemical species and stratigraphy of ice core suggests that the disturbance of meltwater to the chemical records of ice core is not negligible. we are confirmed therefore by the records of ice core, that the continental air masses prevailingly controlling atmospheric environment over Tibetan Plateau may reach somewhere south of Tanggula Mountain.
【CateGory Index】： P343.61