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《JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY》 1999-03
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Hydrochemical Process of Snowmelt and Stream Water in rumqi River, Tianshan Mountains

LIU Feng jing 1 , Mark WILLIAMS 3 , CHENG Guo dong 1 , ZHU Shou sen 2 , WANG Chun zu 2 HAN Tian ding 2 (1 State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, LIGG, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2 Lanzhou Institute o  
In China coal burning resultes in high concentrations of SO 2 4 , NO - 3 and H + in precipitation both within major industrial cities and in atmospheric deposition to high elevation areas where annual precipitation is dominated by snow fall In other areas of the world, significant and severe changes occur in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems where levels of sulfur and nitrogen containing compounds are less than those currently existing in China As a part of ongoing effort to fully understand the susceptibility of seasonally snow covered alpine basins to deposition of atmospheric pollutants, this study aims at better understanding the process that controls the hydrochemistry of high elevation headwater basins during snowmelt period The research area is the upper part of the Urumqi River, with an area of 824 km 2 above the Hydrometric Station at Hero Bridge More intensive studies focused on the headwater basin with an area of 29 km 2 , including the Glacier No 1 basin, a glacierized headwater basin with an area of about 2 km 2 Daily samples of snowmelt and stream water were continuously collected for solute analysis from May 1 to June 30, 1996 at gauging station of the Glacier No 1 basin, several gauging stations in the headwater basin and several other sites down the stream within an interval of several kilometers It is found that pH is slightly less than 7 in snow and is 7 8 to 8 5 in stream water Ca 2+ and HCO 3 predominates in cations and anions in the stream water, accounting for approximately 73% and 77% of total cationic and anionic charges, respectively It is suggested that dissolution of CaCO 3 -containing minerals is the major geochemical process in stream water at the headwaters of the Urumqi River catchment Under the Tianshan Glaciological Station near the Hero Bridge, however, ionic concentrations of some species were saturated Mineral deposits can be seen in the stream water such as calcite, dolomite and gypsum Althouth the ionic pulse occurs and concentration of SO 2- 4 and NO - 3 increases with a peak of 3 to 4 times of the average concentrations, the stream water of headwaters is not acidified during the initial snow melting period Oxidation and dissolution of S containing minerals such as FeS 2 produces a large amount of H + H + is then consumed by dissolution of CaCO 3
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金;人事部非教育系统留学回国人员科技活动 D 类经费;中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所天山冰川观测试验站; 中国科学院兰州
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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