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《JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY》 1999-03
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Abrupt Changes in Glacier Mass Balance Over Northern Hemisphere

CAO Mei sheng (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China)  
Based on the time series over 20 a of annual mass balance for 33 glaciers over northern hemisphere, collected, compiled and published by the World Glacier Monitoring Service, it is distinguished whether there were abrupt changes in the time scale of 10 a using moving average t test in this paper The results show that the regional features of the abruptchanging decades are associated with those of the abrupt changes in circulation background For examples, an abrupt change in the coupled ocean atmosphere system over the tropical Pacific during the mid 1970s was both observed and simulated by a general circulation model This led to obvious changes in the largescale boreal winter circulation pattern over the north Pacific, marked by a southward shift and intensification of the Aleutian Low and of the prevailing westerlies over the mid latitude central and eastern Pacific The intensity index of the Pacific/North American atmospher circulation teleconnection pattern had an abrupt change in the mid 1970s It caused an abrupt change in glacier mass balance around the Pacific at the same time Similarly, the abrupt change in glacier mass balance around the Atlantic in the 1980s was caused by the abrupt change in intensity index of Western Atlantic in 1983 Thus, it is clear that the abrupt changes in glacier mass balance can sensitively reflect the abrupt changes in climate and environment
【Fund】: 中国科学院 “冰冻圈动态变化基础研究”项目
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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