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《JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY》 2000-01
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Macro-Microanalyses for Ductile-Brittle Transition on Sea Ice Strength

LI Hong-sheng;YUE Qian-Jin;ZHENG Jing-ming;ZHU Yuan-lin ( Department of Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian Liaoning 116023. China; Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000.  
Ice force is dominant for the offshore structures in ice covered region, and mechanical properties of ice are the main factors to determine the ice forces. The mechanical propeties of sea ice, a special solid material, depend on its crystal dimension, c-axes direction, anisotropy, temperature, stain-rate, stress-state and other factors. In the previous studies, some experimental models of sea ice strength were established. In this paper, sea ice strength was studied through a macroscopic and microscopic combination. which has the benefit to establish the theoretic model. and to describe the deformation law, the stress-strain relationship and the destroy criteria. Based on the physical process of ice-structure interaction, the mechanisms of formation and expansion of the micro-crack were presented through the microscopic mechanism analysis of sea ice ductile-brittle transition. The criterion of sea ice ductile-brittle transition was obtained by analyzing the Rice-Thomson model. The sea ice strength of the ductile-brittle transition zone calculated was accorded with the test result, which can be utilized to forecast the mechanical behaviors in the ice-structure interaction under general conditions, and to be theoretic foundation for the ice force design.
【Fund】: 国家重点基金项目!59739170;; 冻土工程国家重点实验室基金!9801
【CateGory Index】: P731.15
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