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《JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY》 2000-02
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Regional Characteristics of Glacier Mass Balance Variations in High Asia

LIU Shi-yin 1 , DING Yong-jian 1 , YE Bai-sheng 1 , WANG Ning-lian 1 , XIE Zi-chu 2 (1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2.Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410  
The High Asia, broad in area with numerous huge mountain ranges, is one region with glaciers mostly concentrated. However glacier mass balance measurements cannot cover most of the mountains because of the high altitudes, complicated topography and logistic limations. Analyzing the temporal and spatial variations of mass balance sequences observed on some High Asia glaciers is therefore of help to evaluate the regional mass balance variations and their response to global warming. 17 sequences of mass balance observed in the Altay Mts., Tianshan Mts., Pamir-Alai Mts. and Himalayas are selected for analysing by means of frequency filtering, spectral analysis, principal component analysis (PCA), as well as Mann-Kendall Non Parameter Rank statistic. It is found that mass balance series has a similar variation pattern for the glaciers within a short distance. For example, mass balance of glaciers in the Tuyuksu basin shows nearly the same variation trend. However, regional inhomogeneity in mass balance variations appears for the glaciers within a large range. This can be seen from the lagged correlation analysis among filtered mass balance sequences in different mountains. For example, mass balance of the Glacier No.1 at the Headwaters of the Urumqi River at a lagged 8-years has the highest correlation coefficient with that of the Tuyuksu Glacier, although these two glaciers all in the Tianshan Mts. From this analysis, we can establish a fundamental base for constructing a regional monitoring network of glacier mass balance. By frequency analysis, it is found that most of the balance sequences show a periodical fluctuation of about 2 years corresponding to that of climatic parameters. It is also revealed that there exists an abrupt change in the variations of mass balance of almost all glaciers. Comparison with regional climatic changes (e.g. air temperature variations) in the last 40 years indicates that such a phenomenon can be attributed to the abrupt change in the climate of the region, i.e., air temperature in some meteorological stations has shown a sudden change in the mid-1970s. After the PCA method, the variations of the sequence of area-weighted average of all observed mass balance could roughly represent a regional variations of glaciers in High Asia.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究专项!(G19980 40 80 0 );; 中国科学院青藏高原研究项目!(KZ95 1-A1-2 0 4;KZ95T -0 6);; 中国科学院重大项目!(KZ95
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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