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《Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology》 2001-02
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Response of Valley Glaciers in Various Size and Their Runoff to Climate Change

YE Bai-sheng, DING Yong-jian, LIU Chao-hai (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China)  
A glacier dynamics model that simulates the change ofvalley glaciers in various sizes and their runoff in response to climate change is presented for the Yili River basin in the Tianshan Mountains. In order to parameterize the shapes of glaciers with various sizes, some characteristic values of more 2000 glaciers in the Yili River basin have been statistically analyzed based on the glacier inventory. The values include glacier area, length, difference between the maximum and the minimum elevation, the maximum elevation and average slope. It is suggested that: 1) the sensitivity of glaciers to climate change is determined by glacier sizes. Smaller glaciers are more sensitive to climate warming than larger ones, and their relative changes are greater than those of larger glaciers, while their absolute change is contrary. 2) The relative change of the glacier volume with climate warming is most remarkable as compared with that of glacier length and area. For larger glaciers, the change of length (retreat) is more significant than that of area; on the contrary, for smaller glaciers (with the area 0.6 km 2), the change of area is more significant than that of length. 3) The glacier runoff does not change synchronously with climate change. As climate warming and glacier retreating, the glacier runoff tends to increase and then to decrease. Under climate warming, the smaller glaciers with the higher runoff peaks tend not only to vary greatly but also to retreat quickly as compared with the larger ones. The magnitude and appearance time of runoff peak depend not only on the glacier size but also on the rising rate of air temperature. The faster the air temperature rises, the higher the peak, and the earlier the appearance time of the peak takes place. 4) For a given warming range, with a decrease of temperature rising rate, the appearance time of runoff peak tends to be earlier than the occurrence time of the maximum air temperature. The temperature rising rate in such a circumstance is defined as critical rising rate. The critical rising rate has negative correlation with glacier sizes.
【Fund】: 中国科学院资源环境领域知识创新工程重大方向项目! (KZCX2 3 0 1;KZCX1 10 0 3 ) ;; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新工程
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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