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《Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology》 2001-03
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The Sensitivity of Land Surface Model to Physical Properties of Different Soils

ZHANG Yu, L Shi-hua (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China)  
Using NCAR Land Surface Model (LSM), the Netherlands Cabauw observational atmospheric forcing data are analyzed to study the difference of surface energy and water cycle on different soil types. Every soil type percentages are obtained from midpoint values of each textural class, following the U. S. Department of Agriculture textural triangle. It is found that in land surface model, soil thermal and hydraulic properties, parameterized from Farouki (1981) and Cosby (1984), are much depended on the values of percent sand, silt and clay. It is revealed that the assignments of water and energy are very sensitive to soil conditions. The soils rich in clay, such as clay and silty clay, have well water-content ability and result in more evaporation and more runoff; the soils rich in sand, for its low water potential and high hydraulic conductivity, conduct more water and less evaporation and runoff. The annual mean water content difference of the soil layers is about 0.2 m 3 \5m -3 , the drainage difference of groundwater is about 17%, the maximum difference in evaporation is equivalent to 10% of annual precipitation; the runoff difference is equivalent to 3.53% of annual precipitation. Because of the vegetation coverage is 97%, effect of soil moisture on net radiation is hardly presented. However, in the assignment of surface heat flux, the latent heat flux is the maximum and the sensible heat is the minimum, with the maximum difference in spring. The maximum standard deviation of the sensible heat and the latent heat is about 12 W\5m -2 .
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目 (G19980 40 90 0 (Ⅰ) ) ;; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新工程项目(CACX2 10 0 36)资 助
【CateGory Index】: P461.4
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