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《Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology》 2001-03
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Study on the Quaternary Glaciation and the Formation of the Moxi Platform in the East Slopes of the Mount Gongga

ZHENG Ben-xing (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China)  
The Mount Gongga (7 556 m) is the highest peak in the east part of the Tibetan Plateau. Around the mount there are 74 glaciers, 255.10 km\+2 in area, among which 5 glaciers are over 10 km in length. The Hailuogou Glacier on the east slope of the mount is 13.1 km in length and 25.7 km\+2 in area, and extents to \{2 980\} m a.s.l. It is the longest maritime glacier in the Hengduan Mountains. The Yanzigou Glacier, nearby the Hailuogou Glacier, is 10.5 km in length and 32.15 km\+2 in area, and extends to \{3 680\} m a.s.l. In the Moxi River Basin, a basin on the east slopes, three Pleistocene Glaciations and three advances in the Neoglaciation, as well as the Little Ice Age, of the Holocene can be recognized. They are Yajiagen (Middle Pleistocene), Nanmenguan (Late Middle Pleistocene), Gongga (Late Pleistocene) ice ages, and the Pre-Guanjingtai Glacier Advance (\{(3 080\}±80) a BP), the Guanjingtai Glacier Advance (\{1 530\}±80~\{2 350\}±65 a BP) and the Hailuogou Glacier Advance ((940±850)~(780±90) a BP), as well as the Little Ice Age (400~100 a BP). When the Yajiagen Glaciation, the ancient glacier type was piedmont one. During the Penultimate Glaciation (Nanmenguan one) the ancient Yanzigou Glacier extended into the Moxi Valley, at about \{1 550\} m a.s.l., and a glacier-dammed lake formed. When the glaciers retreated, some glaciofluvial lakes and glacier debris flows appeared on the Moxi Platform and along its lateral canals, where there are many big boulders, 10~20 m in diameter. During the last interglacial, when climate was warm and wet, red soil developed under the moraine, lacustrine deposit and deposit of glacier debris flow. During the last glaciation (Gongga Glaciation), the ancient Yanzigou Glacier was 22.4 km in length and extended to \{2 400\} m a.s.l. while the ancient Hailuogou Glacier was about 23 km long, with its terminus at 1 900 m a.s.l. Since the last glaciation four river terraces have formed. The relationship is very close between the glacier variation and the development of the river terraces.
【Fund】: 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新工程项目(CACX2 10 0 10 )资助
【CateGory Index】: P343.6;P534.63
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