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《Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology》 2001-04
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Ecohydrology——A Science for Studying the Hydrologic Mechanisms of Ecological Patterns and Processes

ZHAO Wen zhi, CHENG Guo dong (State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu, 730000, China)  
The spatiotemporal linkage between the hydrological and ecological dynamics is one of the keystones to manage the water resources and keep the natural ecosystems run normally, and will be one of the most exciting frontiers in future. Ecohydrology may be defined as a science that studies the hydrologic mechanisms of ecological patterns and processes. Plant water relation is its theoretical basis,soil moisture dynamics and evapotranspiration are its key subject, and scale issues are its critical problem. In this paper, the connotation, basic theories and current main research topics of ecohydrology are briefly described. The current research situation, prospect for the future and application of ecohydrology are also outlined. Finally, how to study ecohydrology with the eco-environmental construction in West China is suggested. For example,first,the hydrological mechanisms of wetlands and lakes,streams and rivers should be better understood in order to guide the conservation of these water resources. Secondly,more efforts on interaction between hydrological dynamics and vegetation establishment should be done to get more useful information for eco environmental construction in West China. Thirdly, water ecological demand should be studied in the inland river basins in arid regions to keep the environment and economics sustainability at the basins.
【Fund】: 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新工程项目 (CACX2 10 0 49) ;; 国家自然科学基金重点项目 ( 4 97310 30 );; 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目 (KZCX1 0 9 0 2 )资助
【CateGory Index】: X143
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