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《Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology》 2002-01
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Analyzing the Effect of Solar and Volcanic Activities on Temperature Variations in the Guliya Ice core Record and in the Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River over the Last Three Centuries

YANG Bao 1, SHI Ya-feng 1,2 , ZHOU Qing-bo 3 (1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of  
In this paper, the effect of solar and volcanic activities on temperature variations in Guliya ice core record and in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River over the past three centuries has been studied. Results are shown as follows:;First, there is a very well correlation between temperature variations and solar activity whether on inter-annual or on decadal time scale. On inter-annual time scale, correlation coefficient is the maximum while Guliya ice core δ 18O lags solar irradiance by 8 a. The correlation coefficient is the maximum under the condition that while Hefei winter temperature is in phase with solar irradiance. The best correlation is found when Hefei winter temperature leads Guliya ice core δ 18O by 11 a. On decadal time scale, Guliya ice core δ 18O, Hangzhou spring temperature and Hefei winter temperature vary more similarly with solar activity. This suggests that solar activity might exert some influence on the temperature recorded in Guliya ice core and in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. ;Second, to some extent, volcanic activity is partly responsible for the temperature drop in Hefei region. The periods of higher temperature correspond to those of lower SO+ 2--4values, and vise versa. The nine huge volcanic eruptions recorded in GISP2 match with the low-value periods in Hefei winter temperature. The 1690s was the coldest decade both for Hangzhou region and for Northern Hemisphere during the last 400 a. It is found that four massive volcanic eruptions (DVI≥4) occurred in the 1960s, suggesting that volcanic activity may be responsible for the temperature drop in Hefei region. ;Third, on the variation trends, Guliya ice core δ 18O, Hangzhou spring temperature and Hefei winter temperature negatively correlate with ice core acidity. In other words, higher SO+ 2--4concentration corresponds to lower temperature while lower SO+ 2--4concentration is consistent with higher temperature. The temperature drop during the 1810s~1830s not only can be seen in Hefei winter temperature and Hangzhou spring temperature, but also in Guliya ice core δ 18O series. Meanwhile, the reconstructed temperature curve of Northern Hemisphere was also characterized by cold valley. In addition, precipitation of 7 stations located in North China decreased during this period. All these facts indicate that the climate in the 1810s~1830s might be global and attributable to intensive volcanic activity and weak solar activity.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目 (KZCX1 10 0 2 );; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新工程项目 (CACX2 10 0 10 )资助
【CateGory Index】: P461
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