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《Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology》 2002-04
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Fundamental Ecological Economics Study on the Carrying Capacity of Water Resources in Heihe River Watershed

SU Zhi\|yong\+1,\ XU Zhong\|min\+\{1, 2\},\ ZHANG Zhi\|qiang\+2, CHEN Dong\|jin\+2,\ LONG Ai\|hua\+2,\ ZHANG Bo\+3 (1. State Key Laboratory of Arid Agroecology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2. State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Eng  
Based on former research, the concept of carrying capacity is defined from the view of ecological economics. New concept's characteristic has been investigated to provide an improved understanding about its contribution to solve environmental and resources problems. \ \ The carrying capacity of regional water resources is embedded in the macro-economic system, and multiple objective analysis technique is developed in the basis of integration of economy, society, environment, population and water resources systems. The carrying capacity model of water resources in Heihe River watershed consists of seven sub-model, i.e., macro-economic model, population model, land resources subject model, water resources development and utilization model, water environment model, water project investment model and ecological value model. In the integrated process of ecological and economic system, the comprehensive framework of development of environmental capacity during planning period is introduced. Based on previous research, the environmental capacity lost due to current and previous human activity is calculated, and then environmental adjusted GDP (EDP) is gotten by deducting environmental cost from GDP and taking the EDP as an objective of multiple objective models instead of former GDP. \ \ Through operation of the multi-objective model, the carrying capacity of water resources in Zhangye Prefecture is analysis in detail. \ \ Finally, the calculated results of the model show that: water resources development and utilization situation is worse and worse as economy grows and population pressure increases. The main thing in future is to save water resources by economical use with a view to accelerating economic growth. At the same time, the current model's disadvantages are identified. Without a systematic, quantitative, structured relationship between the environment and the economy, it is hard to know what are the various economic contributions to environmental damage, and how the damage might be remedied. In methodology, integrated environmental and economic accounting can be regarded as a necessity in the further research.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1 10 0 3 KZCX1 10 07 KZCX 0 9 0 4);; 西北师范大学科技创新工程项目(NWNU KJCXGC 0 2 20)资助
【CateGory Index】: F205
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