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《Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology》 2002-05
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Architecture Design of the Digital Embankment and Numerical Simulation Platform of the Qinghai-Tibetan Railway

NAN Zhuo\|tong,\ LI Xin,\ LI Shu\|xun (State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China)  
Architecture design is the foundation of software engineering flow. Different architectures require different data models and corresponding realizing methods. There are two kinds of Architectures applicable to software development under network environment, which are File Server Architecture and Client/Server(C/S) Architecture, and the C/S architecture includes both thin client C/S and thick client C/S. Digital Embankment and Numerical Simulation Platform of the Qinghai-Tibetan Railway system needs complicated GIS function and includes a mass of data, such as normal GIS data, atmosphere, ecology and frozen soil data, and so on. To meet these needs, thick client C/S is chosen. \;Secondly, based on the need of user, the system structure and the system working flow are described in this. In the vertical layer, C/S Architecture consists of User Services, Business Services and Data Services. Combining User Services and Business Services is called thick client C/S. In the system of Digital Embankment and Numerical Simulation Platform of the Qinghai-Tibetan Railway , the Server charges for data storage and management and the Client realizes all application functions. Further, Client program supplies some linkers, which can connect Final, Arcpad and some specialty program. \;Thirdly, the system is a large project, which involves multifarious knowledge. The requirement of user can t be realized in one step, which needs the system expandable. The architecture system stated in this paper meets this need through spiral iteration between system developing and user requirements analysis.\;Finally, in order to realize the architecture, the software requirement and realizing method are described in this paper.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目 (KZCX1 SW 0 4)资助
【CateGory Index】: U213.1
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