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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2003-01
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Climatic Differences in China during the Holocene Indicated by the Various Climatic Proxy Data from Different Parts of China

HE Yuan-qing+1, YAO Tan-dong+1, SHEN Yong-ping+1,ZHANG Zhong-lin+1, CHEN Tuo+1, ZHANG Dian+2 (1. Key Laboratory of Ice Core and Cold Regions Environment, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 73000, China; =2. Department of Geography and Geology, Hong Kong University, Hong Kong, China)=  
For a better understanding of climatic variations in China during the Holocene, climatic records from two ice cores in Tibetan Plateau are compared each other and with other proxy data, such as loess, lake sediments, pollen, changes of sea and lake levels in different parts of China. After an abrupt cooling event of Younger Dryas between 12.2 ka and 10.5 ka BP, {δ 18O} values in the Guliya ice core (35°17′ N, 81°29′ E, {6 710} m a.s.l) in the early Holocene between 10^5 ka BP and 7^2 ka BP were high, indicating the continues warmer and wetter climatic conditions lasted for 3 000 a. Whereas in the mid-Holocene between 7^2 ka BP and 5^0 ka BP, another abrupt cooling occurred, reflected by a sudden decrease of isotopic composition from 7^2 ka BP. Then {δ 18O} values gradually increased from 5^0 ka BP to present, except for a relative lower isotopic stage between 3^5 ka and 2^5 ka. Differentially, in Dunde ice core (38°06′N, 96°24′E, 5 325 m a.s.l.), frequent variations of higher and lower {δ 18O} values have observed during the Holocene. The megathermal maximum started from 8^7 ka BP, characterized by a sharp increase of δ+{18}O values, continued until 3^0 ka BP, and followed by a gradually decreased trend of isotopic composition. However, many short-term colder stages appeared in the more than {5 000} a long Megathermal period of the Holocene, especially there was an unstable-temperature stage between 6^0 ka BP and 5^0 ka BP. Climatic changes indicated by isotopic records in the two cores are inconsistent, probably as a result of differences of altitudes and atmospheric circulations when ice was deposited. It is inferred that air masses with more precipitation at Guliya came from the continental sources due to its interior position and higher altitude in Tibetan Plateau but precipitation at Dunde was disturbed by maritime air masses of the summer monsoon because its site is located in the edge of the plateau and at a lower elevation. There are different climatic indications of {δ 18O} values between continental and maritime-origin vapor sources, which have been confirmed by some studies dealing with the isotopic distribution of precipitation in Tibetan plateau. = Paleoclimatic data from other mediums in different parts of China are used to compare with the climatic records from above two ice cores. In the most loess profiles studied, higher magnetic rates were measured between 10^0 ka BP and 5^0 ka BP, when a warmer and wetter period appeared, and then became progressive cooling in late {5 000} a, with overall decreased magnet rates, although there were some higher-rate stages during the period, corresponding to the higher sea levels in eastern China. However, higher levels of lakes in western China occurred longer, from 10^0 ka BP to 4^0~3^0 ka BP. Climatic warming in the Holocene indicated by pollen charts from lacustrine deposits seems starting earlier in western China than that in eastern China. Proxy data from most mediums displays obvious climatic fluctuations in the most recent 500 a, named as the Little Ice Age.= In summary, climatic records in the Holocene recovered from the Guliya and Dunde ice cores are inconsistent because of their different locations and elevations, which may be controlled by different atmospheric situations when ice formed. The climatic changes indicated by the Guliya ice core in the interior of the Tibetan Plateau correspond well to the climatic records from other polar and tropical ice core, such as those from Greenland and Huascaran, as well as those from deep-sea sediments, which probably reflects a global climatic trend during the Holocene. However, the climatic information in the Dunde ice core is more complex and associated with the proxy climatic data from other mediums, such as loess, lacustrine sediments, changes of sea and lake levels in eastern and middle parts of China, which was more influenced by the prevailing monsoon during the Megathermal in the Holocene. Referring to the most proxy data, it seems that the climate varied earlier and more sensitive in high
【Fund】: 中国科学院“百人计划”项目 (人教字 2 0 0 2 43) ;; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新工程项目 (CACX2 10 0 19);; 国家自然科学基金项目 ( 4 0 0 710 2 3);; 中国科学院冰芯与寒区环境重点实验室知识创新项目 ( 2 10 5 0 6 )资助
【CateGory Index】: P532
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9 TANG Ling-Yu 1 SHEN Cai-Ming 1 KONG Zhao-Zheng 2 WANG Fu-Bao 3 LIU Kam-Biu 4 (1 Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, CAS, Nanjing 210008; 2 Institute of Botany, CAS, Beijing 100093; 3 Department of Geo-Ocean Sciences, Nanjing Univ;Pollen Evidence of Climate During the Last Glacial Maximum in Eastern Tibetan Plateau[J];JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY;1998-02
10 Gu Jiayu Yan Qinshang Yu Zhiying ( Department of Geography,East China Normal University );THE CHENIERS OF THE NORTHERN COASTAL PLAIN OF JIANGSU PROVINCE[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;1983-02
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