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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2003-02
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A Summary of 40-Year Observed Variation Facts of Climate and Glacier No.1 at Headwater of rümqi River,Tianshan,China

LI Zhong qin, HAN Tian ding, JIN Zhe fan, YANG Hui an, JIAO Ke qin(Tianshan Glaciological Station, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 73000, Chi na)  
Comprehensive, Glacier No.1 centered o bservations are conducted at headwater of rümqi River by Tianshan Glaciological Station since 1959.This paper presents analyses of mass balance, terminus, area and surface velocity histories of Glacier No.1, and as well as spatial distributed streamflow and climate factor (air temperature and precipitation) records from nearby area. Our study demonstrates that the continuous local annual temperature rising, resulting in reduction of cooling energy in the glacier, might be responsible for recent acceleration of glacier melting. The headwater region of rümqi River is experiencing a warm and humid period ever sine the mid-90s. From 1958 to 2000, with an average annual balance -188.6 mm (about -34.6×10 4 m 3 in volume), the cumulative balance of Glacier No.1 is reach u p to -7 925 mm(1 452×10 4 m 3 ), in other words, the thickness of the glacier stream decreased by more than 8m over the past 42 year span. With an accelerated shrinking tendency, the glacier area decreased by 11% from 1962 to 2001. The terminus of the glacier is in the state of retreat since it has been observed from 1960s. From 1962 to 2001 East Branch retreated 168.95 m, whilst West Branch retreated 185.23 m. In agreement with ice mass losing, surface velocity of the glacier is appreciably slowing down. By using water balance model, annual meltwater runoff of the glacier has been computed sine 1958. It shows an elevated trend, especially after 1985. The mean meltwater runoff depth from 1986-2001 is 936.6 mm, comparing to 508.4 mm from 1958 to 1985, it increased by 84.2%.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目 (KZCX1 10 0 6;KZCX2 3 0 1) ;; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新工程项目(CACX2 10 0 91) ;; 国家自然科学基金创新群体项目资助
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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6 Zhang Qiang1,2,3,Wang Sheng1,3,Zhang Jie1,3,Wang Runyuan1,3,Liu Hongyi1,3,Li Yanying1,3 (1.Institute of Arid Meteorology,CMA;Key laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province;Key Open Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Disaster Reduction of CMA,Lanzhou 730020,China;2.Gansu Provincial Meteorological Bureau,Lanzhou 730020,China;3.Lanzhou Univerrsity,Lanzhou,730000,China);The Progresses on Land Surface Processes and Atmospheric Boundary Layer in Arid Regions[A];[C];2010
7 Li Zhongqin Li Kaiming Wang Lin (State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences /Tianshan Glaciological Station,CAREERI,CAS,Lanzhou 730000);STUDY ON RECENT GLACIER CHANGES AND THEIR IMPACT ON WATER RESOURCES IN XINJIANG,NORTH WESTERN CHINA[A];[C];2011
8 LI Yang,LIU Yan,ZHANG Pu (Institute of Desert Meteorological,China Meteorological Administration,Urumqi 830002,Xinjiang,China);Snow cover storage Retrieval by Remote Sensing Technology and Variation Analysis on the Junggar Basin[A];[C];2011
9 SONG Lin-lin 1 3 Hou Shu-gui 1 2 Liu Ya-ping 1 (1.State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou 730000; 2. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093; 3.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049);δ~(18)O record of the Miaoergou ice core from the Karlik Mountains,east Tien Shan,since 1953AD[A];[C];2012
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