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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2003-02
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Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Water Vapor and Its Variation Trend in Atmosphere over Northwest China

YU Ya xun 1, WANG Jin song 1, LI Qing yan 2 (1. Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology, Chinese Meteorological Administration, Lanzhou Gansu 730020, China; 2. Lanzhou Center Meteorological Observatory, Lanzhou Gansu 730020, China)  
The interannual and intermonthly variation of the water vapor and its mean transfer in the atmosphere over Northwest China are calculated and analyzed by using the NCEP/NCAR global reanalysis grid data(2.5°×2.5°Lat/Lon) for 43 years (1958-2000). The results show that: (1) The climatic averaged water vapor in whole air column over Northwest China is concentrated in the east and west areas, respectively, with the maximum in summer and the minimum in winter. In the east areas water vapor is most abundant and stable, while in the west areas, such as the Tarim Basin and north part of the Tianshan Mountains, water vapor prominently varies with course, which changes seasonally. The climatic moisture over the middle of Northwest China is the least, especially over the west and north parts of Qinghai Province. (2) The water vapor over Northwest China mainly comes from the southwest warm and wet air flow over South China Sea, Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal, subjected to the influence of the Tibetan Plateau's lifting force, forming three vapor transfer centers over eastern, middle and western parts of the plateau, respectively, with the strongest one located in eastern part of the plateau along the gorge of Yarlung Zangbo River. Another one comes from southeast warm and wet airflow over the Qinling Mountains in eastern Sichuan Province and southern Shaanxi Province, and the third one is the northwest moisture from Siberia and Mongolia during spring and summer. (3) On the average, the water vapor over Northwest China decreases obviously during the late 1950s to the middle 1980s, but it has being increasing since the late 1980s. The vapor increasing areas are mainly located in Tarim Basin, Northern Xinjiang Region and eastward along Hexi Corridor to the middle Qilian Mountains, while the vapor decreasing areas are located in the middle and eastern parts of Northwest China. (4) For the decadal scale of climate change, the water vapor in most parts of Northwest China decreased during the 1960s to 1970s, but increased obviously during 1980s to 1990s, especially in western parts of Northwest China, where the increasing rate of vapor reached 0.8~1.6 mm·10 a -1 . (5) Finally, the climatic dynamical factors influencing vapor distribution and transfer over Northwest China are discussed. Subjecting to the impact of increasing Mongolia anticyclone located in north side of Northwest China, the westerly at 500 hPa decreases and the southerly increases obviously over western parts of Northwest China, but the northerly at 500 hPa increases and the southerly decreases obviously over eastern parts of Northwest China. This may be one of the causes resulting in interannual variation and transfer of water vapor in atmosphere over Northwest China.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目 (KZCX1 10 0 6;KZCX2 3 0 1) ;; 国家自然科学基金重大项目 (90 2 0 2 0 13 )资助
【CateGory Index】: P433
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1 Xin Yu1 2 Xiu-Qun Yang2 Zhang Guangxing3 Zhang Xin1 1 Meteorological Bureau of Bortala Mongolia Autonomous Prefecture, Bole 833400, Xinjiang 2The Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 3 1nstitute of Desert Meteorology,China Meteorological Administration,Urumuqi Xinjiang 830002;The variation feature of the Extreme Hot Weather,the Scorching Weather and the Summer Mean Temperature over Bole region in Xinjiang[A];[C];2006
2 ZHENG Guang-fen1,2 CHEN Xiao-guang1 ZHAO Guang-ping1,2 NA Li2 SUN Yin-chuan2 (1. Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster Preventing and Reducing in Ningxia, Yinchuan China 2.750002;Ningxia Meteorological Observatory, Yinchuan China 750002);Analyses on Variety Characteristics of Temperature of Ningxia and atmospheric circulation characteristics of 500hpa in Winter[A];[C];2006
3 Wang Zunya1,2,3 Ding Yihui2 1 Chinese Academy of Meteorological Science, Beijing 100081 2 National Climate Center of China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, 100081 3 Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, 100039;Climatic characteristics of rainy seasons in China[A];[C];2006
4 Chen Yu1;Gao Ge1;Ren Guoyu1;Liao Yaoming2(1.Laboratory for Climate Studies,National Climate Center,CMA,Beijing,100081;2.Division of Climate Impact Assessment,National Climate Center,CMA,Beijing,100081);SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIATION OF PRECIPITATION OVER TEN MAJOR BASINS IN CHINA BETWEEN 1956 AND 2000[A];[C];2007
5 Xie Kun,Ren Xuejuan(Department of atmospheric sciences,Institute of Severe Weather and Climate,Nanjing University,Nanjing,210093);Climatological Characteristics of Atmospheric Water Vapor Transport and Its Relation with Rainfall over North China in Summer[A];[C];2007
6 XIN Yu1, CHEN Hongwu1, LI Yuanpeng1, ZHANG Xin2, LU Ge2 1 Xinjiang Climate Center, Urumqi,Xinjiang China; 830002 2 Meteorological Bureau of Bortala Mongolia Autonomous Prefecture, Bole, Xinjiang 833400;The Analysis on Spatial-Temporal Change Characteristics and Multi-scale Abrupt Change of the Scorching Weather over North Xinjiang[A];[C];2007
7 Yin xianzhi1,3 Ding ruijing2 Xu qiyun3 1 Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology, Lanzhou,730020 2.Gansu weather modification office, Lanzhou, 730020 3.Gansu meteorological bureau, Lanzhou, 730020;Analysis of opereation conditions of snow enhancement on spring and winter in Gansu[A];[C];2007
8 TAN Yan-mei1, MAO Wei-yi2, JIANG Yuan-an2, YANG Liang-mei 3 (1. Xinjiang Meterological Observy, Urumqi China,830002;2 .Xinjiang Climate Center,Urumqi China, 830002; 3. Urumqi Institute of Desert Meteorology , Urumqi China, 830002);The Cause of the Draught in the Summer 2006 Over the North Xinjiang[A];[C];2007
9 Lilin1 Lifengxia2 Zhuxide1 Changguogang3 Guoanhong4 (1.Qinghai climate centre, Xining 810001; 2. Qinghai institute for meteorological science, Xining 810001; 3. Qinghai meteorological bureau, Xining 810001; 4.Chinese academy for meteorological science, Beijing 100081);Study on the evolution rule of extreme climatic event over the source of three rivers[A];[C];2008
10 Yong-Chang Zou1,Xiu-Qun Yang2, Zhi-xiang Pan1 Xu-Guang Sun2, Jia-Bei Fang2,Yu-fang Liao1 1 Hunan Meteorological bureau, Changsha 410007 2 Institute of Severe Weather and Climate, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093;The effecting evaluation of CO2 doubling to the variation of extreme precipitation in the east part of China[A];[C];2008
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5 DING Yongjian; YE Baisheng; ZHOU Wenjuan;(Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, CAS, Lanzhou 730000);Temporal and Spatial Precipitation Distribution in the HeiheCatchment, Northwest China, During the Past 40 a[J];JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY;1999-01
6 LAN Yongchao; Kang Ersi; JIN Huijun; ZHANG Shengcai;CHEN Mingzheng2; CHEN Xuelin2;(1 Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, CAS, Lanzhou 730000; 2 Zhangye AdministrativeOffice of Hydrology and Water Resources of Gansu Province, Zhangye 734000);Study on the Variation Characteristics and Trend of MountainousRunoff in the Heihe River Basin[J];JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY;1999-01
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8 WANG Jinye; CHE Kejun; YAN Kelin; WANG Yilin; HE Hongyuan;(Institute of Forestry for Water Conservation in Qilian Mountains, Zhangye 734000);Analysis of the Runoff Components in the Forestry Areas of the QilianMountains and Their Temporal and Spatial Variation[J];JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY;1999-01
9 LIU Shi-yin 1 , DING Yong-jian 1 , YE Bai-sheng 1 , WANG Ning-lian 1 , XIE Zi-chu 2 (1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2.Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410;Regional Characteristics of Glacier Mass Balance Variations in High Asia[J];JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY;2000-02
10 LIU Chao-hai, SHI Ya-feng, WANG Zong-tai, XIE Zi-chu (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China);Glacier Resources and Their Distributive Characteristics in China——A Review on Chinese Glacier Inventory[J];JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY;2000-02
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