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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2003-02
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Climate Change Due to Greenhouse Effects in Northwest China as Simulated by a Regional Climate Model

GAO Xue jie, ZHAO Zong ci, DING Yi hui (National Climate Center, China Meteorology Administration, Beijing 100 081, China)  
Climate change due to greenhouse effects (2×CO 2) over China, with focus on Northwest China, is simulated by RegCM2 regional climate model (RCM). The model has a horizontal grid point spacing of 60 km and 16 vertical layers, and is nested to a global coupled ocean-atmosphere model (CSIRO R21L9 AOGCM). Driven by lateral boundary conditions from the GCM, both control (1×CO 2) and sensitive (2×CO 2) experiments of the RCM have been run for 5 years respectively. Model outputs are interpolated in 34 stations in the region for convenience of analysis. Results of control run of the RCM indicated that it has a better capability in reproducing present climate in both the whole China and Northwest China than that of the GCM. It reproduced the fine scale structure of air surface temperature ( T s) caused by small topography fluctuations, and lowered down the over-estimated precipitation ( P r) by the GCM. The annually averaged spatial correlation coefficient of the monthly mean T s and P r between the RCM simulation and observation are 0.80 and 0.85, respectively. Results of sensitive experiment by the RCM with 2×CO 2 showed a remarkably warming over Northwest China due to greenhouse effect. In Northwest China, mean T s will increase 2.7 ℃, higher than that in the whole China (2.5 ℃). The warming is higher in winter and spring, about increasing 3.0 ℃. Rising of T s can be noticed in all the 12 months of a year. The summer daily maximum temperature also increases in Northwest China, with an average increasing of 3.1 ℃, higher than the average over the whole country, 2.0 ℃. While the winter daily minimum temperature raises 1.6 ℃, near the average over the whole country, 1.7 ℃. More rainfall may also be expected over the region under the greenhouse effect. Increasing rate of annual P r is usually greater than 20% in most of Northwest China, and 30% or more in some places. The mean P r increase is 25 % in Northwest China, much higher than that averaged over the whole China (12 %). Increasing rates of P r follow the order of winter, spring, autumn and summer. The P r increase is found in all months, except for September, when a slightly decrease appears. T s and P r change by month is also given in this paper for some representative stations in different parts of Northwest China. The simulated change of T s and P r under 2×CO 2 showed some similarities with observation in the recent years.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目 (KZCX1 10 0 6) ;; 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目 (G19980 40 90 0 ) ;; 国家杰出青年基金项目 (4 0 12 5 0 )资助
【CateGory Index】: P461
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9 Chen Shao-yong 1,2 Han Tong 2 Qiao Li 2 (1. Institute of Arid Meteorology, CMA, Lanzhou ,Key laboratory of Arid Climatic Changing and Reducing Disaster of Gansu, Key laboratory of Arid Climatic Changing and Reducing Disaster of C M A; Lanzhou ,Gansu,730020,China;2. Meteorological bureau of Baiyin, Gansu, Baiyin, 730900);Baiyin precipitation climate resources assessment[A];[C];2009
10 DENG Zhenyong1, ZHANG Qiang1, QING Jizu1, XU Jinfang2, HUANG Leinuo1, ZHANG Shuyu3(1.Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology, Key open Laboratory of Arid climate Change and Reducing Disaster, China Meteorological Administration, Key Laboratory of Arid climate Change and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province, Lanzhou, 730020, Gansu , China; 2. Gansu Meteorological Bureau Center of Information, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China; 3. Shanxi Meteorological Bureau, Xi'an, 710015, Shanxi, China );Impact of Climate Warming and Drying on Hot-arid Wind in Northern China[A];[C];2009
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