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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2003-02
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Responding of River Streamflow to the Climate Shift in the Hexi Inland Region

LAN Yong chao, DING Yong jian, SHEN Yong ping, KANG Er si, ZHANG Ji shi (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute , Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China)  
In Northwest China, climate warming and drying dominated the past 100 a. In the middle Tianshan Mountains and the eastern Qilian Mountains, temperatures rose 1.3 ℃ and 1.0 ℃ and precipitation decreased 50~65 mm and 70~85 mm, respectively, until the 1980s. The result of tree-ring study shows that the negative precipitation departure in the north Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang reaches -11.8% during the period from 1920 to 1978. In the last 50 a, the measured hydrological and meteorological data indicate that air temperature in West China rises with a mean rate of 0.2 ℃ per ten years. In northern Xinjiang, air temperature rising even reaches 1.4 ℃ in the last 50 a, which exceeds greatly the mean rise range of 0.4~0.8 ℃ of global air temperature rising in near upon 100 a. The while, precipitation in the west part of Northwest China and North China decreased and many rivers in northwest arid areas of China all appeared a fluctuant downtrend during the period from 1951 to 1989. Water level of the Qinghai Lake has descended from 3 250 m a.s.l. in 1908 to 3 193.78 m a.s.l. in 1986, definitely showing a warm dry trend of climate change in the west of China. But the observed data of some meteorological and hydrological stations have showed that climate of Xinjiang, located in the west of Northwest China, send out a signal of climate shift from warm dry to warm humid. Hexi inland arid region is adjacent to Xinjiang. Especially, the Shulehe River basin, located in the west of the region, similar to Xinjiang, located in the middle latitude westerly belt, where precipitation is under the influence of Atlantic vapor carried by westerly; Again the Heihe River basin in the middle of the Hexi inland arid region is located in the transition area between westerly belt and east Asia monsoon zone, where precipitation is also under the influence of Atlantic vapor. So climate change in the Hexi inland region should have a quite consistency with Xinjiang, having a climate shift from warm-dry to warm humid. Water cycles will be exquisite with global warming, bringing on further precipitation. Global temperature has risen since the 20 Century, because of increase of CO 2 and other house gases in atmosphere, which accelerates global warming. Concretely,there appears a fluctuant, warming and drying trend in northwest arid regions of China. But analyzing the change process and trend of the mountainous runoff in the Hexi inland region revealed that the climate-environment of the region relates a clear signal of climatic environment shift from warm dry to warm humid beginning from the 1980s. The signal concretely shows an increase in mountain runoff with air temperature rising and precipitation increasing in mountainous area. Prediction and calculation from some regional climatic models and hydrologic statistic models also approve the shift. Besides, Shiyanghe River in the east of the region and under the influence of east monsoon still not occurs such a shift signal, where the mountain runoff has continuously decreased since the 1950s, indicating the climate environment still developing towards warm dry.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目 (KZCX1 10 0 6;KZCX2 3 0 1) ;; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新项目(CACX2 10 10 0 )资助
【CateGory Index】: P333
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