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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2003-02
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Study on Hydrological Features of the Kaidu River and the Bosten Lake in the Second Half of 20th Century

LI Yu an 1 ,TAN Yuan 1 , JIANG Feng qing 2 ,WANG Ya jun 2 , HU Ru ji 2 (1. Hydrological and Water Resources Reconnaissance Bureau of Bayinguolen Prefecture, Korla 841000, China;2. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, rümqi Xinjiang 830011, China)  
Kaidu River is the largest river in the Bayinguolen Prefecture, Xinjiang, supplied by snow ice melting water and rainfall, with the total length of 560 km. There are 722 glaciers with total area of 445 km 2 and total water amount of 22.4 km 3 in this watershed. By analysis, the glacier melted water and the ground water still share a larger amount of the total water discharge of Kaidu River even in the abnormal plentiful runoff year of 2000. The seasonal distribution of the rivers water discharge, however, is the same as those in other years. Kaidu River is the main recharge source of Bosten Lake, which plays an important role in the eco-environment of the lake. According to the surveying data, the total salts amount of Bosten Lake has increased from 75×10 4 t in 1958 to 210×10 4 t at present, owing to the increase of the agricultural waste-water channeling into the lake. It is the mean reason of that the lake is always in the high level of the mineralized degree. Since the late of 1990s, the lake water level has returned to that in 1950s, and even to the highest one in the history due to enhancement of the environmental protection and increasing of the water discharges of Kaidu River.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目 (KZCX1 10 0 6;KZCX2 3 0 1) ;; 国家自然科学基金重大项目 (90 2 0 2 0 13 ) ;; 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所项目 (2 0 0 0 10 14 )资助
【CateGory Index】: P343.3
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