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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2003-03
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Change of Climate and Hydrology in the Tarim River Basin during Past 40 Years and Their Impact

WANG Shun-de\+1,\ WANG Yan-guo\+1,\ WANG Jing\+1,\ MAO Wei-yi\+2,\ SHEN Yong-ping\+3 (1.Aksu Hydrology and Water Resource Bureau, Aksu Xinjiang 843000, China; 2. Xinjiang Meteorology Bureau, CMA, Urumqi Xinjiang 830002, China; 3. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
The Tarim Basin is the biggest arid inland basin in China. The Tarim River Basin is located in the southern half of Xinjiang. It is surrounded by mountains on three sides and is a closed-basin with no outlet to the sea. Most of the inner area of the basin comprises the Taklamakan Desert. From the confluence of its three main contributing tributaries, the Tarim River mainstream extends \{1 321\} km to Taitema Lake. There are numerous other rivers coming down from the mountains that disappear into the desert. A number of rivers fed by snowmelt and glacier melt begin in the mountains and drain into the basin with average annual virgin flow of about 35 billion m3. Around the rivers may be found oases of small villages and agriculture.\;The three tributary river systems that contribute flows to the Tarim River (Aksu, Hotan and Yarkant) join just above the Aler gauging station where the Tarim River begins. In addition the Kaidu-Konque River Basin, which is hydrologically separate from the Tarim River, contributes water to the Tarim River by means of a man-made transfer channel. Actual annual contributions under existing conditions are estimated to be 2\^9 billion m\+3 for Aksu, 1\^2 billion m\+3 for Hotan, 0\^1 billion m\+3 for Yarkant, and 0\^15 billion m\+3 for Konque, for a total of 4\^35 billion m\+3. All of this water is consumptively used before reaching the \!green corridor\".\;In past 40 years, last decade (1991\_2000) is the warmest period for mountainous area and wettest period for the plain area, whereas increasing wet of the plain area appeared in last 20 years, and a lighten dry trend in last decade for most part of the plain except Aksu Oasis. A distinct increasing precipitation is in 1990s for most parts of mountains region of Tarim River Basin including the south slopes of the Tianshan and Pamirs, and but a decreasing precipitation zone is in west Kunlun Mountains during last 20 years.\;As the influence of the warm-wet weather on the river resources, the streamflow sourced from the four tributary river systems that contribute flows to the Tarim River (Aksu, Hotan, Yarkant and Kaidu) have a increasing trend in past 40 years, and the total runoff of the Tarim River Basin during the years from 1991 to 2000 increased by 7\^6% of that during the past 40 years. Historical annual flows average over 4 billion m\+3, but for the past two decades there has essentially been no flow below Daxihaizi Reservoir, 300 km upstream of Taitema Lake. This 300 km reach referred to as the \!green corridor\", has thus been without any significant or sustained flow during this 20 year period. Water quantity has been drastically reduced and water quality has deteriorated dramatically in the lower reaches of the Tarim River which have negatively impacted irrigated agriculture and pasture lands.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 (90 2 0 2 0 13 498710 2 1);; 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1 10 0 6)资助
【CateGory Index】: P339
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10 CONG Zhen-tao,NI Guang-heng,LEI Zhi-dong,SHI Feng-jun(Department of Hydraulic and Hydropower Engineering,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China);Water Balance Model of the Mainstream of Tarim River[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2006-04
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1 MAO Wei-yi1,SUN Ben-guo2,WANG Tie1,LUO Guang-ming2,ZHANG Chuan-rong2,HUO li3 (1.Xinjiang Climate Center,Urumqi,Xinjiang 830002,China;2.Bureau of Hydrology and Water Resources Survey of Kashigar,Kashigar,Xinjiang 844000,China;3.Urumqi Center of Hydrology and Water Resources Survey,Urumqi,Xinjiang 830000,China);The Change Trends of Temperature,Precipitation and Runoff within the Kashigar River Basin,in the Past 50 years[A];[C];2007
2 Yang Litao1 Li Xicang1 Hou Qiong2 (1Inner Mongolia Climate Center, Huhhot, 010051;2.Inner Mongolia Meteorology Research Institute, Huhhot, 010051 );Climate Change of the Dexter riverside of Nenjiang River Basin in Recent 45Years and Its Impacts on Water Resources[A];[C];2008
3 MAO Wei-yi1, WANG Tie1, JIANG Yuan-an1, Wang Jin2,LI Hong-de2 (1. Xinjiang Climate Center, Urumqi, Xinjiang, 830002; 2. Akesu Hydrological and Water Resource Measurement Bereau, Akesu, Xinjiang, 843000);Study on the factors of the former Atmospheric indexes influenced Annual Runoff in the Aksu River[A];[C];2008
4 GE Zhao-xia1,2,CaoLi-qing1,2, XUE Mei2,SONG Ying-ling2, (1. State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing Jiangsu 210098 2. Water Resources and Hydrology, Hohai University, Nanjing Jiangsu 210098);Analysis and Forecasting on the Changing of Climate、Water Resources in Southen Xinjiang[A];[C];2009
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1 Wang Lilun, Zhang Wenjing, Su Zhen (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology,Academia Sinica);PRIMARY RESULTS OF THE STUDY ON MODERN GLACIERS IN THE REGION OF MT. TUOMUER[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1980-04
2 Kang Ersi, Zhu Shousen ( Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinica ) Huang Mingmin ( Xinjiang Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica );SOME RESULTS OF THE RESEARCH ON GLACIAL HYDROLOGY IN THE REGION OF MT. TUOMUER[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1980-04
3 Yuan Yujiang Han Shuti (Xinjiong Meteorological Institute) (Geographical Department of Xinj iang University);Features of Dry and Wet Changes for 500 Years in the Northern of Xinjiang[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1991-04
4 XIE Zi chu 1, SU Zhen 2, SHEN Yong ping 2, FENG Qing hua 1 (1.Institute of Resources and Environment of Hunan Normal University. Changsha Hunan 410081, China; 2.Cold and Arid Regions Evironmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS. Lanzh;Mass Balance and Water Exchange of Hailuoguo Glacier in Mount Gongga and Their Influence on Glacial Melt Runoff[J];Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology;2001-01
5 SHEN Yong\|ping\+1, LIU Shi\|yin\+1, ZHEN Li\|li\+2, WANG Gen\|xu\+1, LIU Guang\|xiu\+1 (1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2.Lanzhou Medical College, Lanzhou Gansu 730000,;Fluctuations of Glacier Mass Balance in Watersheds of Qilian Mountain and Their Impact on Water Resources of Hexi Region[J];Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology;2001-03
6 SHI Ya feng (Cold and Arid Regions Environment and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China);Estimation of the Water Resources Affected by Climatic Warming and Glacier Shrinkage before 2050 in West China[J];Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology;2001-04
7 MA Ming-guo+1, JIAO Yuan-mei+{1, 2}, CHENG Guo-dong+1 (1. State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2. Yunnan Normal University, Tourism and Geographic Science Institute, Kunming Yunnan 650092, China);Change in Land Coverage in Northwest China During the Past Decade Monitored by NOAA-CHAIN[J];Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology;2002-01
8 SHI Ya feng 1, SHEN Yong ping 1, HU Ru ji 2(1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Scie;Preliminary Study on Signal, Impact and Foreground of Climatic Shift from Warm-Dry to Warm-Humid in Northwest China[J];Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology;2002-03
9 ;New Progress in Glacier and Water Resources Changes in Tarim Basin, Xinjiang[J];Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology;2002-06
10 SHEN Yong ping 1 , LIU Shi yin 1 , DING Yong jian 1 , WANG Shun de 2 (1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China;2. Aksu Hydrology and Water Resource Bureau, Aksu Xinjiang 843000, China);Glacier Mass Balance Change in Tailanhe River Watersheds on the South Slope of the Tianshan Mountains and Its Impact on Water Resources[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2003-02
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