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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2003-05
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Glaciers in the World and China: Distribution and Their Significance as Water Resources

WANG Zong\|tai\+1,\ SU Hong\|chao\+2(1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2.Xinjiang Hydrology and Water Resources Bureau, rümqi Xinjiang 830000, China)   
Glaciers are fine and clean fresh water resources. They are great in quantity, but are distributed inhomogenously in the world. All ice sheets concentrate in the Antarctica and Greenland, and the maximal part of mountain glaciers (84%) concentrates in Asian highlands and the frigid one in North America. Glaciers in China are accounting for 30% of glaciers in the middle\|low latitudes. Among all countries in the middle\|low latitudes, among all countries in the desert zones and among all countries being lack of water in the world, China is the biggest one that holds a great deal of glaciers in quantity and scale. In China most glaciers are distributed in the Qinghai\|Xinjiang desert\|oasis zone, including the Tarim River drainage, which is the inland drainage with the most amount of glaciers in the world, nourishing the Tarim glaciofluvial oasis. A policy of \!maintaining water resources and distributing expenditure is put forward in order to balance the development of oasis economy and the safety of ecological environment.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1 10 06);; 国家自然科学基金项目(90202013)资助
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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