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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2004-01
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Climatic Evolution of the Tibetan Plateau during the Last Deglaciation: Correlation with Europe and Greenland

WANG Peng-ling,JIA Yu-lian,ZHU Cheng,MA Chun-mei(Urban and Resources Department of Nanjing University, Nanjing Jiangsu 210093, China)  
On the basis of biological, lacustrine and glacial sediment stratigraphy records, the paper analyzed the features of climate change during the last deglaciation in the Tibetan Plateau, and correlated to the climatic evolution sequences in Europe and Greenland. It is found that the climatic evolution sequence during the last deglaciation generally can be divided into two phases at the three regions. The first phase was warm and humid with a series of abrupt returns to cold climate. In Europe and Greenland, the climate turned warm rapidly after Henirich 1(H1), and Bolling stage was warmer than Allerod stage. While in the Tibetan Plateau, temperature and precipitation gradually increased for the strengthening of summer monsoon little by little (i.e., Allerod a little warmer than Bolling); which caused high lake level in some catchments, especially in the ones with glaciers in high mountains.;On the contrary, the second phase was cold, with deteriorated climate in some degree and showed a feature of turning to glaciation, especially in Europe and Greenland. The climate in the Tibetan Plateau was cold and dry, with desert expanding, ice advancing and lake level lowering.;The similarities and differences of climatic evolution sequence between the three regions suggested that the climatic system of the Atlantic Ocean might impact on the Tibetan Plateau in some degree during the cold period of north hemisphere for the westerlies farther shifting to low latitude in cold stage; while during the warm period of north hemisphere, the relationship of climate systems among the three regions became weak for the westerlies shifting to high latitude; thus in this interval the climate evolution sequence of the Tibetan Plateau and Europe or Greeland was different.;Concluding, it was suggested that for the cold phase——the best-known Younger Dryas event being, the climatic evolution pattern of these three regions in general, was similar, i.e., from warm phase to cold phase.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40271103 2000028414);; 南京大学985自然地理学科建设基金项目资助
【CateGory Index】: P532
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