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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2004-02
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Analysis of the Cause of the Differentia in Interannual Variation BetweenSnow Cover and Seasonal Frozen Soil in the Tibetan Plateau

GAO Rong~{1}, WEI Zhi-gang~{1}, DONG Wen-jie~{2}(1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Acadeny of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;2. Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Acadeny of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China)  
In this paper the cause of the differentia in interannual variation between snow cover and seasonal frozen soil in the Tibetan Plateau is analyzed by using conventional meteorological observations in 72 stations, including daily snow depth, frozen soil depth, air temperature, precipitation and ground surface temperature. It is found that the changes of air temperature and ground surface temperature mostly affect snow cover and seasonal frozen soil, with a very good negative correlation between snow cover, as well as seasonal frozen soil, and air temperature, as well as ground surface temperature. Almost all the maximum/minimum depths of snow cover and seasonal frozen soil are corresponding to the minimum/maximum temperatures of air and ground surface. Precipitation also affects snow cover, but less influence seasonal frozen soil. Mostly, abnormal precipitation corresponds to abnormal snow cover, but abnormal precipitation hardly corresponds to abnormal seasonal frozen soil. The difference in impact factors may be the important cause of the differentia in interannual variation between snow cover and seasonal frozen soil. Snow cover has a great influence on seasonal frozen soil. When snow cover reaches to a certain depth, its heat preservation may affect the depth change of seasonal frozen soil. The thicker the snow cover is, the stronger the heat preservation is. The shallower the snow cover is, the weaker the heat preservation is. When snow cover is less than a certain depth, no heat preservation can be seen. The heat preservation of snow cover may be another important cause for the differentia of interannual variation between snow cover and seasonal frozen soil.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX1 10 07);; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(ZKCX2 SW 210)资助
【CateGory Index】: P642.14
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