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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2004-05
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Erosion Surfaces in the East Qilian Mountains and Uplift of the Tibetan Plateau

GAO Hong-shan~(1),PAN Bao-tian~(1),WU Guang-jian~(2,3),LI Ji-jun~(1), GUAN Qing-yu~(1),WANG Jun-ping~(1),YE Yu-guang~(4) n, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2.Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beiof Ice Core and Cold Regions Environment, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 4.Institute of Marine Geology, Ministry of Land and Resources, Qingdao Shandong 266071, China)  
The planation surface is a remnant of landform of old age and the erosion surface is of a mature landform, according to the Davisian cycle. So the dismantling of erosion surface indicates drastic mountain uplift. It is found that in the east Qilian Mountains there are two planation surfaces and one erosion surface. These are viewed as direct indications of episodic, dramatic uplift of mountains, and therefore have important implications for inferring the ages of mountain uplifts. The outcropped strata are mainly composed of the Neogene reddish sandstone, except for locations truncated by the erosion surface which consist in Mesozoic or older strata. On the top of the strata there preserved a thin veneer of prismatic sandstone gravel bed and thicker loess. From the paleomagnetic measurements on the loess strata overlying the erosion surface, and the result from ESR chronology on gravel beds, it is demonstrated that the erosion surfaces dismantled around 1.4 Ma BP. Therefore, a dramatic uplift event at around 1.4 Ma BP is discover in the east Qilian Shan. However, the erosion surface in the Yellow River watershed, west to Liupan Shan, is found dismantling around 1.8 Ma BP. The discrepancy in timing the dismantling of the erosion surface may reflect, to some extent, the regional difference in the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau during the late Cenozoic. With the subsequent uplifting of the Tibetan Plateau, episodic river down-cutting, stream captures and headwater erosions can be seen widely throughout this region, accompanied by a formation of river terrace sequences.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40171010);; 高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金项目(20030730017);; 教育部青年教师奖励基金项目(教人司2000 26)资助
【CateGory Index】: P542
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