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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2004-06
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High Precipitation in Glacial Region of High Mountainsin High Asia: Possible Cause

SHEN Yong-ping, LIANG Hong(Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academyof Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China)  
Enormous resources of snow and ice are accumulated in the highlands and mountains of High Asia, and is the most concentrated glacier center in the middle and low latitudes on the Earth, covering an area of 104 850 km~2, including 23 000 km~2 in India, 16 933 km~2 in Pakistan, 5 322 km~2 in Nepal, and 49 873 km~2 in China. These glaciers receive more abundant precipitation than other regions. Annual precipitation at the equilibrium line varies from 500 to 3000 mm, and a high precipitation zone is in the glacier cover regions, formed a second maximum precipitation with altitude. High mountain massifs are advantageous for catching water vapor and the consequent development of large glaciers. Author sends a possible formation mechanism of high precipitation in glacier zone. Cold ice surface would drive an airflow sinking as the air mass passing, and result in high precipitation in glacier zone of the mountains. Other hand, there are more moisture over glacier than surrounding bar rock slopes, and a strong evaporation from glacier surface make high moisture center in the glacier cover zone. The cold surface and more moisture from glacier zone could be cause of high precipitation zone formation in glacier cover zone of High Asia.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(90202013;40371026)资助
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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