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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2005-05
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The Relationship between Air Temperature and Ground Temperature in the Tibetan Plateau

LI Shu-xun,\ WU Tong-hua(Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
Multivariable linear regression has been applied to analyze the recorded data of annual mean air temperature and annual mean ground temperature from 119 meteorological stations from 1991 to 2000 in the Tibetan Plateau.The linear statistic coefficients between monthly mean air temperature,monthly mean ground temperature and latitude,longitude and elevation in the research region are obtained.It is demonstrated that the air temperature,ground temperature and their annual ranges in the Tibetan Plateau are highly correlated with corresponding latitude,longitude and elevation.It is indicated that the air temperature and ground temperature in the plateau can be expressed as functions of location coordinates and time.Taking the validated statistic results of annual mean air temperature and annual mean ground temperature from 1991 to 2000 as the experimental results between air temperature and ground temperature,it will contribute to the determination of upper boundary condition of permafrost at any time and any site.These results are of great significance to under-construction Qinghai-Tibetan Railway and to the prediction of permafrost environment.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1-SW-04);; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所创新前沿项目(2004102)资助
【CateGory Index】: P423;P642.14;
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