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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2005-06
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Glacial Landforms and Glaciations at the Headwaters of the Manas River in the Tianshan Mountains

JU Yuan-jiang~1, LIU Geng-nian~2(1.Resource Science College of China University of Mining and Technology,Xuzhou Jiangsu 221008,China;2.College of Environmental Sciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China)  
There are 18 cirques in the studied area(40 km~2) of the Lujiaowan Glacier at the headwaters of the Manas River in the Tianshan Mountains.All these cirques can be recognized as three levels,showing that there were three times of glacier advancing of different scale.Most cirques face to north,showing that the heat-water conditions were disadvantageous for glacier developing.Cirques No.18 and No.2 face to south,which means there were good conditions for glacier developing for a long time at the periods of glacier advancing they took place. There are 10 well-conserved moraines can be recognized in the main valley,which can be divided into 5 stratum: upper moraine knap stratum,moraine knap stratum,lower moraine knap stratum,watershed stratum and forest level stratum.The upper moraine knap stratum is considered as a sediment in the Little Ice Age, and the forest level stratum is considered as a sediment in the oldest glacier advanced in the region.Judging from the morphology characteristics,the forest level stratum is considered as the deposit of the Reciprocal Third Glaciation or the Penultimate Glaciation. There were five times of glacier advancing at least in the region.The latest one was the Little Ice Age,including three phases of glacier advancing and shrinking.The two older phases were in about(1 720±60) a BP and(250±60) a BP. The Neoglaciation included three times of ice advancing and shrinking,of which the first and the last one respectly occurred in(4.2±0.4) ka BP and (2.9±0.3) ka BP.The Last Glaciation included two times of ice advancing and shrinking,of which the last one occurred during 11~12 ka BP.The watershed suit and the forest level suit mean two times different glacier advancing.The watershed stratum may be deposited in the forepart of the Last Glaciation or in the Penultimate Glaciation.The forest level stratum may be deposited in the Penultimate Glaciation or the Reciprocal Third Glaciation.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(90102016)资助
【CateGory Index】: P931.4
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