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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2006-02
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The Eco-Environmental Sustainable Development of the Karst Areas in Southwest China Analyzed from Ecological Footprint Model——A case study in Guangxi Region

ZHANG Yan~(1), WU Yu-ming~(1,2)(1.School of Economics and Management,Guangxi Normal University,Guilin Guangxi 541004,China;2.School of Public Policy and Management,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084, China)  
Since the concept of sustainable development being put forward,many systems of index for measuring the development level of a region have been provided.In the late 1990s,theory of ecological footprint was put forward to deal with the development conditions a certain area.The method of ecological footprint is a simple framework for measuring sustainable development.The status of sustainable development can be judged econometrically.The theory comes from the knowledge that people's consume can be transferred into biologically productive land,which produces all the resources and assimilates all the wastes generated by human.The Karst mountain areas in Southwest China have the well-known vulnerable ecological systems and become the representative poverty regions in China.There are many Karst mountain areas in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.The sustainable development status of ecological environment in Guangxi is estimated based on ecological footprint calculation model and using the data of 2004,and then compared with the ecological footprint in 2003.It is found that: 1) The per capita ecological footprint of Guangxi increased from 1.1378 hm~2 in 2003 to 1.2239 hm~2 in 2004;the per capita ecological capacity decreased from 0.5753 hm~2 in 2003 to 0.5736 hm~2 in 2004;the demand for resources has already exceeded the supply of resources.2) The per capita ecological deficit increased from 0.5625 hm~2 in 2003 to 0.6503 hm~2 in 2004;The development of ecological environment in Guangxi is in an unsustainable state.Effective countermeasures should be taken to ensure the development of ecological environment in a healthy and sustainable way.At last,several suggestions are given to maintain sustainable development of ecological environment in Guangxi Region.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(70463001);; 广西科学基金项目(桂科基0448034)资助
【CateGory Index】: X22
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