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Application of Adjustive Ecological Footprint Approach to Liaoning Province

LI Guang-jun, WANG Qing, GU Xiao-wei, LIU Jian-xing, Ding Yi (Resources and Ecological Economics Research Center,Northeastern University,Shenyang Liaoning 110004,China)  
As the society is developing forward constantly,the mankind is strengthening exploitation and utilization of natural resources constantly.Success of industrial revolution caused the human being's ability of exploiting natural resources get all-time improved,and sustained the high-speed development of economic,but at the same time,forest,soil,water,air and biologic diversity were accelerated deterioration.Environmental deterioration and ecological degeneration also affected the sustainable development of social economy.There are some indexes to appraise the sustainable development;this paper chooses the index of ecological footprint,which is very popularity in international academia as an index of sustainable development.Since it published in 1992,because of its notional visualization,easily to understand and calculation,the ecological footprint was attended broadly by a lot of researchers of academia and many governments.\ \ Liaoning Province was the largest heavy industry bases since the new China come into existence;it did great contribution for Chinese economy.The decision-making of rejuvenating the northeast old industrial base provide a new chance for the social economy of Liaoning Province,but how to rebuild and rejuvenating the northeast old industrial bases and implementing the sustainable development of Liaoning Province economy and ecological harmony,not only is a strategic problem,but also is one aim of rejuvenating the northeast old industrial bases.This paper uses the adjustive ecological footprint to research the sustainable development of Liaoning Province.The results show that the EOI(Ecological Overshoot Index)of Liaoning Province from 1996 to 2003 were all exceed 2,and is very close to 3 in some year,which means the ecological footprint of Liaoning Province greatly exceeds the ecological capacity of Liaoning province,and the ecological environment would be deteriorated in the future.The ecological efficiency had an unfaltering raise from 1996 to 2003,and the ecological efficiency increased from 2569 Yuan·hm~-2 in 1996 to 4101 Yuan·hm~-2 in 2003,with an average ratio of 7.5%.However,there is still a large gap as compared with industrialized countries.
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