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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2006-06
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Application of Roadbed Cooling Methods in the Qinghai-Tibet Railway Construction

CHENG Guo-dong, SUN Zhi-zhong, NIU Fu-jun (State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering,CAREERI,CAS,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
About one-half of the permafrost area traversed by the Qinghai-Tibet Railway is warm permafrost with a mean annual ground temperature of 0 ~-1 ℃,and around 40% is ice-rich permafrost.The railway is expected to operate over 50~100 years,therefore,climate change for the next 50~100 years must be considered seriously.Traditionally,road constructions in permafrost regions rely passively on thermal resistance methods such as increasing embankment height and/or using thermal resistant materials to protect permafrost under roadbed from thawing.Under the global warming scenario,it is needed to take proactive methods to cool down the roadbed temperatures in order to maintain railway stability.Various roadbed cooling approaches have been adopted in the construction of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway,such as,shading board to reduce solar radiation,ventilated duct,thermosyphon,crushed rock interlayer and revetment to control thermal convection,\!thermal diode\" material to control thermal conduction,and the combination of above methods to enhance the cooling effect.Observational data have shown that all these roadbed cooling approaches can ensure the stability of railroad.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1-SW-04)资助
【CateGory Index】: U213.1
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