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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2007-02
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Impacts of Alpine Ecosystem and Climate Changes on Surface Runoff in the Headwaters of the Yangtze River

WANG Gen-xu1,3,LI Yuan-shou2,WANG Yi-bo3,SHEN Yong-ping2(1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Chengdu Sichuan 610041,China;2.Laboratory of Watershed Hydrology and Ecology,CAREERI,CAS,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;3.College of Resources and Environment,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
In recent 40 years,the alpine ecosystem and permafrost were continuingly degraded under climate warming.Based on the precipitation-runoff yield tests in permafrost regions with varied vegetation coverage,some sub-experiential methods and multi-factor distinguishing method were used in this paper to analyze the impacts of climate,vegetation and permafrost changes on surface runoff.The results show that the annual average runoff decreased by 15.2%,and the runoff with frequency of more than 20% decreased distinctly.However,the frequency of runoff more than 550 m3/s increased.Changes of climate and alpine vegetation coverage contribute to the runoff decrease by 5.8% and 5.5%,respectively.Whereas,the impacts of permafrost and glacier changes on surface runoff are hard to estimate.It is clear that the impacts of climate and vegetation changes on runoff result from an integrated effect that includes permafrost change.In the headwaters,the ecosystem degradation of alpine meadow and swamp meadow was the key factor to result in variation of runoff,precipitation-runoff coefficient decrease and flood frequency increase.Therefore,to protect the alpine meadow and swamp meadow ecosystem from degradation has an important function in water regulation of the Yangtze River.
【Fund】: 中国科学院“百人计划”项目(2004年);; 国家自然科学基金项目(90511003)资助
【CateGory Index】: P467;P339
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