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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2007-05
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Snow-Ice Records on Mt. Geladaindong in the Central Tibetan Plateau

ZHANG Yu-lan1,2,KANG Shi-chang1,3,ZHANG Qiang-gong1,2,CONG Zhi-yuan1,2,ZHANG Yong-jun1,2(1.Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100085,China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China;3.State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
In October and November,2005,three snowpits were dug at the elevation of 5 591 m,5 750 m and 5 823 m on Mt.Geladaindong in the central Tibetan Plateau.Glaciochemical records recovered from the three snowpits show distinct seasonality of snow chemistry.In general,δ18O is lower in summer while higher in winter,due to "amount effect" like that in the Mt.Qomolangma and Xixabangma in the southern Tibetan Plateau.Of the major ions(Cl-,NO3,SO2-4,Na+,K+,Ca2+,Mg2+,NH+4),the concentrations in winter are higher than those in summer,especially Ca2+,which has the most pronounced seasonal differences: Ca2+ concentration in non-monsoon snow is about 10 times higher than in monsoon snow.However,seasonal variations of NH+4 and NO-3 concentrations are not very evident.The major ions,except NH+4 and NO-3,display strong positive correlations among each other.Summer δ18O values indicate that Mt.Geladaindong is influenced by summer Indian monsoon.However,the influence is much milder than that in the Himalayas,due to the region located on the edge of monsoon effect.On the other hand,Geladaindong is also controlled by arid climate,representing crustal species transported by atmospheric circulation from local/regional sources in the north/west of Tibetan Plateau.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40401054);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2005CB422004);; 中国科学院“百人计划”项目;; 中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX3-SW-339)资助
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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