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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2007-06
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Effect of Soil Dust from Ebinur Lake on Soil Salts and Landscape of Surrounding Regions

JILILI Abuduwaili1,XU Jun-rong1,MU Gui-jin1,XU Man1,M.V.GABCHENKO2(1.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Science,rümqi Xinjiang 830011,China;2.V.V.Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute,Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Moscow 119017,Russia)  
Based on yearly meteorological observational data from weather stations around Ebinur Lake,dispersion and deposits of salt dust in west Junggar Basin were observed and sampled to analyze.Chemical components and pH value of soluble salt,together with deposit intensity of salt dust,were identified.The formation and distribution characteristics of salt dust,and disaster intensity of salt dust storm were studied.The correlative relationships between salt dust and climate factors,such as temperature,precipitation,wind,were also studied.The result shows that in the latest 50 years,the overall deposit environment of Ebinur Lake is relative stable.However,water level and water area of Ebinur Lake has changed significantly owing to climate fluctuation and human activities,resulting in salt dust storm and change in lake salt,soil salt and landscape around the lake.According to the analyses of spatial distribution tendency,active characteristics and harm intensity of the salt dust in salt desert around Ebinur Lake,the range of intensity and degree of soil salt and landscape change due to salt dust are divided into three grades.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40671170);; 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所绿洲学者“博士人才”培养计划项目(20052108);; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX3-SW-355KZCX2-YW-307);; 教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金项目资助
【CateGory Index】: X171
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