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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2008-01
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The Temporal and Spatial Variations of δ~(18) O in River Water of the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin

LIU Zhong-fang1,TIAN Li-de1,2,YAO Tan-dong1,2,GONG Tong-liang3,YIN Chang-liang2,YU Wu-sheng1(1.Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100085,China;2.State Key Laboratory of Cryosphereic Science,CAREERI,CAS,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;3.Institute of Tibetan Water Resource Reconnaissance and Designing,Lhasa Tibet 850000,China)  
The variation characteristics of δ18O in river water of the Yarlung Zangbo River basin was studied based on the observations of δ18O in river water at 4 stations(Lhazê,Nugesha,Yangcun and Nuxia) and related meteorological and hydrological data in 2005.Comparing δ18O in contemporaneous precipitation,the paper presents a primary research result on the temporal and spatial variations of δ18O in river water of the basin.The results show that the variations of δ18O in river water can be divided into two distinct stages by the boundary of mid-July.δ18O in river water exhibits higher value with an uptrend in the former stage and lower value with a downtrend in the latter stage.Seasonal variations of δ18O in the river water can be expressed by fitting with sine-wave regression models.In the view of spatial variations,δ18O in river water is very complex owing to the impact of tributaries,groundwater,evaporation,et al.During the Tibetan Plateau summer monsoon period,δ18O in river water reduces gradually from Nuxia Station to Nugesha Station,and the lapse rate of δ18O in river water is approximately 0.21‰·(100m)-1 due to the "altitude effect" and 0.45‰/100km due to the rainout process during the period of moisture transport along the Yarlung Zangbo River valley,respectively.δ18O in river water is strongly influenced by δ18O in precipitation,but the fluctuation amplitude of δ18O is much smaller in river water than in precipitation.During the Tibetan Plateau summer monsoon period,with average fluctuation amplitude of 4.8‰,δ18O in river water is 19.7‰ lower than that in precipitation.The whole basin is affected by evaporation.During the Tibetan Plateau summer monsoon period,weighted average δ18O in precipitation is-17.4‰,but that in river water is-16.6‰,which results from isotope fractionation duo to evaporation of raindrop and river water.
【Fund】: 国家重点研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2005CB422002);; 国家自然科学基金项目(07710484067104340121101)资助
【CateGory Index】: P342
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