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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2008-01
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The Interrelationship between Regional Westerly Index and the Water Vapor Budget in Northwest China

LI Wan-li1,3,WANG Ke-li1,FU Shen-ming2,3,JIANG Hao1(1.Cold and Arid Regions Environment and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;2.Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China;3.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Science,Beijing 100049,China)  
Based on the monthly data of NCEP/NCAR in the period of 1951—1999,with a resolution of 2.5°×2.5°,the average transportation and budget of water vapor in Northwest China are analyzed.It is found that the water vapor transportation concentrates in summer,the westerly is the main carrier,the Atlantic,the Arctic Ocean,the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea are the main water vapor sources,and the most part of the water vapor transported to Northwest China continuously moves eastwards and exports across the east sideline.Since westerly is the main carrier of water transportation in Northwest China,and the maximum of water vapor transportation appears in summer,summer is chosen for further research.Analyzing the designed regional westerly indexes,the research shows that the regional westerly index is a very good index for studying both the westerly water vapor transportation and budget of the water vapor transportation in Northwest China: in summer,a larger(smaller) index indicates that more(less) water vapor is transported to Northwest China by the westerly,and also,the budget of water vapor is more(less),resulting in more(less) precipitation.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-XB2-04);; 自然科学基金项目(40771006)资助
【CateGory Index】: P426
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