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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2008-01
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Precipitation Anomalies in Flood-Season and Atmospheric Water Vapor Transport over the Southern Qinghai Plateau

REN Yu1,2,ZHANG Xue-qin1,LI Sheng-chen3,TAO Jie1,2(1.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China;3.Qinghai Meteorology Bureau,Xi'ning Qinghai 810001,China)  
Regional differences of the flood-season(June,July and August) precipitation over the southern Qinghai Plateau(SQP for short) are examined with observations of 19 surface meteorological stations from 1961 to 2004.Analysis indicates that the precipitation change is characterized by regional differences among the Northeast,the West and the Center-South of the SQP,especially in the occurrence of typical rainy and rainless years.Based on the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data,atmospheric water vapor transport is explored in the typical rainy and rainless years for the three regions of the SQP.It is concluded that water vapor transported from the western equatorial Pacific Ocean are the main source for the floodseason precipitation of the northeastern SQP,with the northwestern airflow from the middle-high latitudes of Eurasia serving as an important attributing factor.For the western SQP,flood-season precipitation is depended on both the water vapor transported from the Bay of Bengal and the westerlies.Additionally,it is implied that the activity of the blocking high over the East Europe and the West Siberia plays an indispensable role in the precipitation change over this region during the flood season.As to the central and southern part of the SQP,flood-season precipitation is predominated by water vapor transport of the southwest monsoon and affected by the atmospheric circulation patterns over the middle-high latitudes of Eurasia as well.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2005CB422006);; 中国科学院知识创新工程领域前沿项目(KZCX2-YW-310);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40331006)资助
【CateGory Index】: P434.5;P339
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