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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2008-02
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Study of How to Assess the Impact of Railway Construction on Environment Based on RS and GIS

ZHANG Zhong-liang1,LIU Yong1,WANG Jie2,LI Ai-hua1,JIAO Ming1,GUO Yang-yao1(1.Institute of Remote Sensing and GIS,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;2.State Key Laboratory ofCryospheric Science,CAREERI,CAS,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
The study areas of the project of "The Environmental Impact Assessment in Special Railway Construction Project of the Jiuquan Steel Company" are in the semi-arid Northwest China,where ecology and environment are arid and vulnerable,with very low precipitation,strong surface evaporation,frequent days of dust and wind.The ecology and environment have a remarkable change owing to human activity.In this paper,based on RS and GIS,by using the common methods,such as graphic overlay method based on GIS,hierarchy analysis method,landscape ecology analysis method and index method in the ecological environmental impact assessment,and making stability analysis of the ecological system,sensitivity evaluation of soil erosion,analyses of interference by human activity and changing intensities of the ecology and environment proceeding from the changes of vegetation,soil,physiognomy and wind,a new quantitative assessment method is found on the basis of stability-interference-erosion sensitivity examines.Through testing the method by data,a much good result is obtained.
【Fund】: 国家环保总局酒钢铁路嘉(峪关)-策(克)专线铁路建设环境影响评价项目资助
【CateGory Index】: U215;X820.3;P208
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