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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2008-03
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Progress in the Study of Models for Water and Salinity Transport in Soils

GUO Rui,FENG Qi,SI Jian-hua,CHANG Zong-qiang,XI Hai-yang,LIU Wei (Alxa Desert Eco-hydrology Experimental Research Station,CAREERI,CAS,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
Salinization of soil is one of the factors that impact the agriculture development in the world,so it is of great importance for monitoring,evaluating and treating the salinization of soil in arid and semi-arid regions to research the mechanism of watersalt movement in soil and to simulate its process accurately.In this paper,two types of transport models widely used for water and salinity in soils are introduced;one is physical models,which include convection-dispersion Equation(CDE),stream tube model(STM) and HYDRUS developed by US Salinity Laboratory.At the same time,the parameter research is related to physical models.Another is system models,such as Transfer Function Model(TFM) and BP-Network model.The resemblances and the differences among these modeling are compared and analyzed. The excellences and drawbacks of the modeling and the applicability and the application situation are also analyzed and compared.In the last,some questions about the development and applications of these modeling are pointed out,and an outlook for their development in the future is provided.
【Fund】: 中国科学院西部行动计划(二期)项目(KZCX2-XB2-04-02);; 国家自然科学基金项目(407250014067101040501012)资助
【CateGory Index】: S153
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