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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2008-06
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Fifty-year Climate Change and Its Effect on Annual Runoff in the Tarim River Basin,China

CHEN Ya-ning1,XU Chang-chun2,HAO Xin-ming1,LI Wei-hong1,CHEN Ya-pen1,ZHU Cheng-gang1(1.Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology and Desert Environment,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,ChineseAcademy of Sciences,rümqi Xinjiang 830011,China;2.School of Resources and Environmental Science,Xinjiang University,rümqi Xinjiang 830046,China)  
Based on the hydrologic and meteorological data in the Tarim River Basin from 1958 to 2004,the tendency,characteristics and spatial variation of climate change in the upper reaches of the Tarim River were examined in this study.The effect of climate change on the annual runoff in the Tarim River Basin was inspected by using both Mann-Kendall and Mann-Whitney nonparametric tests.The results showed that temperature and precipitation had significantly increased in the drainage basin in the mid-1980s.Climate was the warmest in the 1990s among the recent 50 years.The increase of temperature in the tributaries of the Aksu River and Kaidu-Kongque River is higher than that in the tributaries of the Yarkand River and Hotan River.The streamflow of Aksu River showed a significant monotonic increasing trend.The annual runoff in the Aksu River has increased by 10.9% since the 1990s.The independence test of temperature and precipitation with χ2 of the El Nio event reveals that there is no significant effect of the El Nio and La Nin~a events on the annual temperature and annual precipitation in the drainage basin.
【Fund】: 中国科学院重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-127);; 中国科学院西部行动计划项目(KZCX2-XB2-03);; 国家自然科学基金项目(9050200440671014)资助
【CateGory Index】: P339
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