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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2008-06
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Important Progresses on the Use of Isotope Techniques in Catchment Hydrology

WU Jin-kui1,2,YANG Qi-yue3,YE Bai-sheng1,DING Yong-jian1,WEI Zhi1(1.Laboratory of Watershed Hydrology and Ecology,Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;2.Institute for Landscape Ecology and ResourcesManagement,Justus-Liebig-University Giessen,Giessen 35392,Germany;3.Institute of Resources andEnvironment,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
The use of isotope techniques and methods in catchment hydrology in the recent 50 years generated two major sets of progresses: 1) assessment of the temporal variations of the major stocks and flows of water in catchments,and 2) assessment of catchment hydrologic processes.The estimation of water residence times is introduced in this paper.The interaction between different waters,hydrograph separation and bio-geochemical process are described by using isotopes tracers.The future progress on isotope techniques and methods in hydrology is towards the understanding of the hydrological process in large river basins.Much potential also waits to be realized in terms of how isotope information may be used to calibrate and test distributed rainfall-runoff models and to aid in the quantification of sustainable water resources management.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目"我国冰冻圈动态过程及其对气候、水文和生态的影响机理与适应对策(2007CB411502);; 中德合作项目“Matter Fluxes in Inner Mongolia as Influenced by Stocking Rate(MAGIM)”(German Sci-ence Foundation(DFG) FG536)资助
【CateGory Index】: P641.3
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