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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2009-01
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Tupu Analysis of the Spatio-Temporal Glacier Variations in the Central and Western Qangtang Plateau since the Little Ice Age

LI De-ping1,WANG Li-ping1,LIU Shi-yin2,XIE Zi-chu1,DING Liang-fu2,WU Li-zong2(1.The College of Resources and Environmental Science,Hunan Normal University,Changsha Hunan 410081,China;2.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
Global warming has a great impact on the glacier variations and becomes the focus of many scientific researches.The glaciers are more sensitive in the Qinghai Plateau than those at the poles,so it is of significance to research glaciers in the Qangtang Plateau,hinterland of the Tibetan Plateau.Under the influence of the special climate,topography and terrain in the Qangtang Plateau,glaciers center on the mountainous regions,and the main types of glaciers are star and maculosus ice caps or flat-topped.The snowline altitude in the Qangtang Plateau is the highest in China.In this paper,Tupu analysis is performed for glacierized area variation using air photos,relevant photogrammetric maps and the satellite image based on the theories and methods of Geo-Information Tupu since the Little Ice Age(LIA) in the Central and Western Qangtang Plateau.The result clearly reveals that a few glaciers in the plateau are in advance state.However,the glaciers tend to decrease as a whole,glacierized area had decreased from 573.67 km2 to 556.40 km2 by about 3.01% from the LIA to the 2000s.The ablation of glaciers is accelerated over the last decades.However,the glaciers in the plateau are relatively stable as compared with the Puruogangri Ice Field in the same region.Compared with other regions in West China,the glaciers in the study region belong to the extremely-continental type,whose response to climate change is very slow,so the glaciers seem almost more stable in the plateau than in other regions of West China.It is also found that the rapid increasing temperature and decreasing precipitation are mainly responsible for the glacier retreating during the study period.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(ZCX2-YW-301);; 湖南省自然地理学重点学科建设项目;; 国家自然科学基金项目(40871043);; 科技部科技基础性工作专项(2006FY110200)资助
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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