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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2009-03
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The Effect of Global Radiation Budget on Seasonal Frozen Depth in the Tibetan Plateau

LI Ren1,2,3,ZHAO Lin1,2,3,DING Yong-jian2,3,SHEN Yong-ping3,DU Er-ji1,2,3,LIU Guang-yue1,2,3(1.Cryosphere Research Station on Qinghai-Xizang Plateau,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;2.State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences,CAREERI,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;3.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental And Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
In this study,monthly average daily global radiation of 22 radiometric stations over the Tibetan Plateau from the station erected to 2000 were utilized to determine the coefficients of monthly Angstr m Prescott's model for estimating global solar radiation from sunshine duration.Using the model,global solar radiations of other 116 meteorological stations across the Tibetan Plateau were estimated.Combined with the frozen ground data measured at 75 stations,global radiation budget effects on seasonal frozen depth were discussed.The result shows that the budget of global radiation in winter does much influence on the seasonal frozen depth.The relationship between the global solar radiation budget and the season frozen ground in the two typical stations shows a remarkable negative correlation.As a whole,the seasonal frozen depth in nearly 80% investigation stations had the same relationship with the global solar radiation budget as those typical stations.The others 20% showed a positive correlation.It is indicated that the seasonal frozen depth was the result of combined effects of several other factors except the global radiation budget,such as soil water content,soil property,elevation and latitude.Multiple regression analysis result shows that latitude,elevation,global solar radiation/relative sun shine duration and air temperature showed high correlation with frozen depth.Essentially,the influences of local latitude and elevation can regard as the effects of global radiation indirectly.As the local latitude and elevation affecting the distribution of global radiation,the global radiation is an important affecting factor on seasonal frozen depth.And the combined effects of latitude,altitude,global radiation and air temperature can be used to describe the characteristics of seasonal frozen depth.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2007CB4115042005CB422003);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40871037);; 国家自然科学重点基金项目(40830533);; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX3-SW-345KZCX3-SW-351);; 青海三江源自然保护区生态环境保护和建设工程生态监测本底——冻土监测及综合评估项目;; 中国科学院青藏高原冰冻圈观测研究站资助
【CateGory Index】: P422.4;P642.14
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