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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2010-02
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Land Use/Cover Change of the Aksu River Watershed in the Period of 1960-2008

ZHOU De-cheng1,2,LUO Ge-ping2,YIN Chang-ying1,2,XU Wen-qiang1,FENG Yi-xing1(1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,rmqi Xinjiang 830011,China;2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)  
The information of the land use/cover (LUC) change in the tans-boundary river watersheds is not enough to meet the requirements of evaluating environmental change. The Aksu River is the largest trans-boundary river crossing Kyrgyzstan and China,the LUC of which is studied in this paper. In present study,data of LUC change during the period 1960-2008 over the Aksu River watershed are derived with the supports of Geographical Information System and Remote Sensing techniques,based on which the processes,trends of the LUC change,as well as the dynamics in land use degree,are analyzed by a set of mathematical statistical models. It is found that the studied area changed from the quasi-balanced status in the first stage (1960-1990) to the unbalanced status in the second stage (1990-2008). The land type transition shifted from the two-way transition to one-way transition,and the overall net change rate of the LUC in the second stage was 2.1 times of that in the first stage. The cropland and construction land increased largely,while the wetland and saline land decreased largely. The land use is in a developing period,and the oasis in the lower reaches has the highest land use degree and changes greatly. These changes are tightly related to the policy shifts,human-activity enhancements,climate and runoff variations.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-307-3);; 中国科学院研究生科技创新与社会实践专项(2009)资助
【CateGory Index】: Q149
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