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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2010-02
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Correlations between the Precipitation of Asian Arid/Semiarid Regions and the Ocean Warm Pool Climate

BAI Qing-mei1,2,TIAN Wen-shou1,FENG Zhao-dong2,WANG Cheng-hai1,JIN Li-ya2(1. Key Laboratory for Semi-Arid Climate Change of the Ministry of Education,College of Atmospheric Sciences,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China; 2. School of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
Using the ERA-40 reanalyzed data,the characteristics of the correlation between the precipitation of Asian arid and semiarid regions and the ocean warm pool sea surface temperatures (SSTs) are investigated. The results show that the deseasonalized water vapor and precipitation in Asian arid and semiarid regions exhibit a distinct positive correlation with the deseasonalized SSTs and water vapor over the ocean warm pools. The correlation is most significant in the East Indian Ocean Warm Pool 1 (EIOWP1) and less significant in El Nino1+2,but the correlation with El Nino region become tighter when the El Nino region is closer to the centre Pacific region. The summer precipitation of the Asian arid and semiarid regions is well correlated with the ocean warm pool SSTs in all seasons. However,the winter and spring precipitation of the Asian arid and semiarid regions has a insignificant correlation with the ocean warm pool SSTs. The quickest response of the precipitation in the Asian arid and semiarid regions to the ocean warm pool SSTs is associated with EIOWP1 with a time lag of 1~3 months,and the slowest response corresponds to the west Pacific warm pool (WPWP) with a time lag of 4 months. The analysis also reveals that precipitation in the Asian arid and semiarid regions tends to increase during El Nino year winter and La Nina year summer. The changes in intensities of the Indian Monsoon,East Asian Monsoon,westerly and ENSO impact the water vapor change,to a large extent,over the Asia arid and semiarid regions,which are related with water vapor change over the ocean warm pool. It is found that the water vapor and precipitation in Asian arid and semiarid regions are increasing owing to the increasing Indian Monsoon index and decreasing westerlies in the recent years.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2006CB400501);; 新世纪优秀人才支持项目;; 中国气象局干旱气象基金项目(IAM200701)资助
【CateGory Index】: P461.2
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