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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2011-02
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Stable Oxygen and Hydrogen Isotopes in Water and Water Cycle along the Arctic Coast

SONG Tian-ze(The Second High School Attached to Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)  
Aimed at understanding the water cycle process in the Arctic coast,ocean water,coast sea water,surface snow on sea ice and land surface water were sampled in Svalbard Islands,Iceland,Greenland during the expedition,July-August,2010.These samples were analyzed in laboratory for oxygen and hydrogen isotopes.It is revealed that there is huge differentia of stable isotope component in various water samples.Through the analysis of δ18O and δD in these water samples,it is found that the coast sea water are apparently affected by terrestrial water,and the stable isotopes in water are also related to the distance to the land and the size of the land,whether in the open sea or in the fjord.It is also found that in ocean water the relation between of δ18O and δD is different from that in fresh water(including land surface runoff,glacier ice and upper sea ice).The mixed water of terrestrial water and ocean water collected in the fjord of Greenland has a relation between δ18O and δD falling in between the ocean water and fresh water.The isotope method is found can be used to evaluate the contribution ratio of glacier melting water to the total in the Greenland coast.The results shows that about 1/3 of fjord sea water comes from glacier melting water,and the others comes from the open ocean,with the contribution of open sea water increasing with the distance from the coast.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40830638)资助
【CateGory Index】: P342
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