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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2012-01
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Effect of Ecological Compensation on FarmerHousehold Livelihood Capital——A Case Study in the Yellow River Water Supply Area in Gannan

ZHANG Li,ZHAO Xue-yan,HOU Cheng-cheng,JIANG Jin-de(College of Geography and Environment Sciences,Northwest Normal University,Lanzhou Gansu 730070,China)  
Ecological compensation assessment and benefit analysis have become one of the hotspots in recent years.In allusion to the grazing forbidden project implemented in the Yellow River water supply area in Gannan,based on the sustainable livelihood framework,the livelihood capital indexes are established by using survey information on farmer-households,and the farmer-household capital is calculated,in order to assess the effect of ecological compensation on the farmer-household livelihood capital through comparative analysis and covariance analysis.Finally,a more diverse and differentiated compensation is proposed,so as to improve the livelihood capital of farmers in various areas.Conclusions are drawn as follows: 1) the livelihood capital index increases significantly from 0.216 before grazing forbidden to 0.277 at present.Among them,human capital,physical capital,financial capital and social capital increase markedly by 0.094,0.075,0.115,0.040,respectively,meanwhile,natural capital decreases markedly by 0.023;2) The effect of ecological compensation has regional disparity in livelihood capital structure,in other words,the increase amplitude of livelihood capital is agro-pastoral region agricultural regionpastoral region.Among them,the effect of physical capital is pastoral regionagro-pastoralist region agricultural region;the effect of human capital and social capital have a similar result: agricultural region agro-pastoralist region pastoral region;the result of financial capital is agro-pastoralist region pastoral region agricultural region;and the decreasing amplitude of natural capital is agro-pastoralist region pastoral region agricultural region;3) Farmer-household livelihood capital correlation has regional difference,which is influenced by ecological compensation.The correlation of the livelihood capital in pastoral region has enhanced;nevertheless,the correlation of the livelihood capital in agro-pastoralist region and agricultural region has reduced.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(91125019;41061051);; 国家社科基金项目(10CYJ014);; 教育部科学技术重点项目(210231);教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET-11-0910)资助
【CateGory Index】: X196
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