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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2013-01
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Plant Water Sources of Different Habitats and Its Environmental Indication in Heihe River Basin

ZENG Qiao,MA Jian-ying(Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China)  
Stable hydrogen and oxygen isotopes(δD and δ18O) of plant stem water and potential water sources were analyzed to investigate the water sources of different plant species in three typical habitats(oasis,oasis-desert transitional zone and desert) in the Heihe River basin.It is found that plants in the desert habitat absorb water mostly from deeper soil(160 cm).In the oasis-desert transitional zone,Artemisia arenaria and Calligonum mongolicum are likely absorb water mainly from the soil about 20~40 cm in depth,Haloxylon ammodendron absorbs water primarily from 60~80 cm in depth,Hedysarum scoparium may absorb water from soil about 100 cm in depth and Tamarix ramosissima obtain water from deeper soil(120 cm).Plants in the oasis habitat absorb soil water mainly from 0 to 100 cm deep.Calamagrostis pseudophragmites absorbs water about 20 cm in depth,Zea mays extracts soil water from the depth of 20~40 cm,Tamarix ramosissima and Populus simonii absorb soil water about 60 cm deep and Gossypium hirsutum absorbs water from soil about 80 cm in depth.Plant water sources in the three studied habitats are coincidence with soil water content.It is believed that water competition may exist among plant species which absorb water from similar soil depth.The depth of plant water sources of different habitats is gradually changed in the order from deep to shallow: desert,oasis-desert transitional zone and oasis.This order also exists in different habitats for the same plant species.It is illustrated that plant stable hydrogen and oxygen isotope composition can be used to indicate the processes of oasisization and desertification in arid regions.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2009CB421306);; 国家自然科学基金项目(41071032);; 中国科学院“西部之光”人才培养计划项目(2009);; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所人才基金项目(2011)资助
【CateGory Index】: Q948
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