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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2014-06
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Changing characteristics of land use/cover and landscape pattern from 1990 to 2010 in the Kaxgar River basin,Xinjiang

DU Qing;XU Hailiang;ZHAO Xinfeng;ZHANG Peng;LING Hongbo;WANG Xiyi;Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
In this paper,the change of land use and landscape pattern,along with the changing reasons,in the Kaxgar River basin from 1990 to 2010 are analyzed,based on Landsat-TM and CBERS images in 1990,2000 and 2010,combined with GIS technology. It is revealed that( 1) the land use in the basin had changed significantly from 1990 to 2010,for example,cultivated land,construction land,saline,naked land,wetland and other unused land had increased,with the changing rates of 73. 92%,51. 44%,24. 27%,6. 47%,10. 24% and2. 98%,respectively; the woodland,grassland,and sandy land had decreased,with the changing rates of- 4. 13%,- 17. 16% and- 0. 73%; the area of bare gravel had basically unchanged;( 2) in the 20 years,16. 46% of the grassland and 3. 36% of the woodland transferred into cultivated land; 0. 18% of the grassland shifted into water wetland; 0. 28% of the grassland shifted into saline land;( 3) during this period,the cultivated land and water wetland had concentrated and gradually become dominant landscape types; the woodland and grassland had reduced and the fragmentation had also reduced,landscape dominance had decreased,landscape shape had become simple;( 4) there were multiple effects on land use and landscape index in the Kaxgar River basin,such as growing population,economic interests,policy and technology factors,resulting in cultivated land expanding with some hidden dangers to the region ecological environment security,so rational use of water resources is very important for watershed ecological environment security.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41171427;31370551;31400466;41471099);; 中国科学院“西部之光”人才培养计划项目(XBBS-2014-13)资助
【CateGory Index】: P901
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