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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2015-05
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Study of the tourism climate adaptability in Tibet Autonomous Region

SHI Lei;HUANG Xiaoqing;Nima Ji;Ciren Yangzong;LUO Zhen;Tibet Climate Center;  
In order to analyze the tourist climatic adaptation in Tibet Autonomous Region,the following works were done sequentially :( 1) calculating wind effect index and temperature-humidity index based on the observational data from 38 meteorological stations during 1980- 2014 in the autonomous region and classifying through cluster analysis;( 2) dividing the tourism resources in the region according to the cluster result,combined with landscape features and administrative division;( 3) evaluating and analyzing the changing trend of wind effect index,temperature-humidity index and air oxygen content index,respectively,of various divisions. Then,tourism resources of the autonomous region can be divided into the following six divisions: Amdo and parts of the southern periphery of the region( Division Ⅰ),northern Ali and most of Nagqu( Division Ⅱ),southern Ali,most parts of Qamdo and southwest of Shigatse( Division Ⅲ),most of the Brahmaputra( Division Ⅳ),the western Nyingchi and the central Qamdo( Division Ⅴ),and the southeastern Nyingchi( Division Ⅵ). It is found that the spatial distribution of wind effect index and temperature-humidity index have a decline tendency from southeast to northwest. The biological temperature in the east is more comfortable,which is suitable for tourism during March to October,while in the west the temperature is lower,with the suitable tourism time is May to September. The variation tendency of monthly oxygen concentration is a parabolic curve,with a peak in August and a nadir in January. Oxygen content in southeast is the highest,60% or more. In recent years,the climatic condition in the region is evolving towards warmer and more comfortable. The annual wind effect index and temperature-humidity index in the region represent significant linear growth tendency with the ratio of21. 79·( 10a)- 1and 0. 32 ·( 10a)- 1,respectively. The suitable time for tourism in the drainage basin of Brahmaputra and part of east has extended by 1 ~ 2 months in recent five years as compared with the past 30 years.
【Fund】: 中国气象局气候变化专项(CCSF201515)资助
【CateGory Index】: P463;F592.7
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