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《JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY》 1994-02
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Mathematical Modeling on Fractionational Process of Oxygen Isotope in Atmospheric Precipitation

Zhang Xinping and Yao Tandong(Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Academia Sinica)  
Simple Reyligh model only gives the isotope fractionation effects on the ideal conditionof humidity, but it can not interpret the mechanisms of isotopic fractionation under the envi-ronment of supersatuation over ice as the solid and liquid phases coexist in mixed clouds. Theimproved mathematic model takes into account the roles of the kinetic fractionational effectsand the contributions of the liquid-water content in clouds for isotope. In process of theisobaric cooling, as making the coefficients of the liquid-water content in clouds A=1/4,B=1/5, super-satuation ratio over ice S_i=0.05+0.969exp(-0.008t), the theoretical curvedeveloped by the model and actual regression line in mid-high latitudes are reconciliable,which shows that the improved mathematical model is of the practical significance. Thismathematical model also provides the theoretical basis on the precipitation effect existed inmid-low latitude zone.
【Fund】: 国家攀登计划和国家自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: P426.612
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